Glossary of English Lang Ap Terms
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- Similarity or comparison between two different things.
- Talking that directly addresses an absent person or abstraction.
- unit that contains both a subject and a verb
- useof slang or informalities
- implied, non-dictionary meaning of a word
- Dictionary definition of a word
- Diction is author's word choice
- teaching style of writing
- figure of speech
- device used to produce figuative language
- a serious talk speech or lecture
- loose sentence
- the main idea comes first followed by phrases and clauses
- substitution of one word for a closely related word.
ex. "the white house declared" not "the president declared
- prevaling attitude or atmosphere in a work
- overly scholarly or bookish
- periodic sentence
- presents central meaning in a main clause at end
ex. "ecstatic with my Ap scores, I let out a shout of joy."
- predicate adjective
- adjective(s) that follows a linking verb. Describes predicate.
ex. "my boyfriend is tall, dark, and handsome."
- predicate nominative
- noun(s) that renames subject and follows a linking verb.
ex. "Abe lincoln was a man of integrity"
- describes principles governing good writing
- rhetorical modes
- 1. exposition
- study of meaning of words and their relation
- subordinate clause
- contains subject plus verb, but does not express complete thought and cannot stand alone. depends on main clause
- how an author joins words into clauses sentences and ideas
- tone describes authors attitude towards work or audience or both
- writers attitude regarding subject of his writing
- concrete detail
- if asked to find or provide concrete evidence, quote or give direct examples
- descriptive detail
- writers sensory descriptions.
- Figures of speech, syntax, diction, and other stylistic elements that collectively produce a particular artistic effect
- analyze language- concentrate on how elements of language combine to form whole
- narrative devices
- tools of storytelling used to order events to the authors liking
- narrative technique
- style of telling the story
- persuasive devices
- look how words compliment authors argument
- resourses of language
- refers to all devices of composition
- rhetorical features
- tools of rhetoric, such as tone, diction, and imagery
- rhetorical stucture
- how a passage is constructed. look at organization and how writer combines images, details, or arguments to serve his or her purpose
- sentence structure
- look at types of sentences author uses. Look at variation or length.
- Stylistic devices
- all elements in language that contributes to style, such as diction, syntax, tone, attitude, figures of speech, connotation, or repetition.
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