Glossary of English Grammar Rules
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- Adverbs can modify (a) nouns and Pronouns, (b) verbs and adjectives and adverbs, (c) nouns and verbs
- B: verbs, adjectives, adverbs
- Many adjectives can be changed to adverbs by adding the suffix (a) ous, (b) able, (c) ly
- C: -ly as in “happily” (Note: the friendly boy shows friendly to be an adjective)
- In a prepositional phrase, the preposition is always followed by (a) a verb, (b) an object, (c) a modifier.
- B: an object. “Put the present on the table.” Table is the object of the prep. On.
- A group of words that has a subject and a verb but does not make sense by itself is (a) a clause, (b) a sentence, (c) a prepositional phrase.
- A: A clause. Example: After the music stopped
- A clause that begins with who, whose, whom, which or that would, in most cases be (an adverb clause, (b) a noun clause, (c) an adjective clause.
- C: an adjective clause
- An adverb clause is a clause that (a) is used as an adverb, (b) contains an adverb, (c) modifies an adverb.
- B: contains an adverb
- A sentence that contains a subordinate clause is (a) a simple sentence, (b) a complex sentence, (c) a compound sentence.
- B. Complex. After the music stopped, the dance ended.
- The kind of sentence that can most easily be divided into two separate sentences is (a) a simple sentence, (b) a complex sentence, (c) a compound sentence.
- C: compound. The music stopped, and the dance ended.
- The conjunction in a compound sentence can generally be replaced by (a) a relative pronoun, (b) a semicolon, (c) a comma.
- B: semicolon. The previous sentence can be written: The music stopped; the dance ended.
- In the phrase a losing game, the word losing is (a) a participle, (b) an ordinary adjective, (c) an infinitive.
- B: an ordinary adjective
- 1. Every verb requires either a direct or an indirect object.
- 2. A noun clause can be the subject of a sentence.
- 3. Every prepositional phrase must include an object.
- 4. Adverbs can modify nouns, verbs and adverbs.
- 5. It is possible for a verb to precede its subject.
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