Glossary of English Final Exam Review - Grammar
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- Conjunctive Adverb
- Accordingly, However, Consequently, Indeed, Still, etc.
- Coordinating Conjunction
- For And Nor But Or Yet So
- A group of words with a subject-verb combination; sometimes but not always expresses a complete thought.
- Independent Clause
- Complete idea (almost always S || V)
- Dependent Clause
- Modifies a unit in another clause; does not communicate a complete thought.
Ex. Where will you find the person **who will take the director's place?**
- A list of parallel items (red, white, blue)
- Group of words which cannot stand alone
- A group of words containing at least one subject-verb combination which can stand alone; always expresses a complete thought.
- same form and function
- Balanced Paris
- Series of paired words in which the pairs are parallel
- Compound Sentence: semicolon, no conjunction
Ex. Success has many fathers; failure is an orphan."
- Compound Sentence: semicolon, conjunctive adverb
S-V; conj. adv. S-V.
Ex. This gadget won’t work; therefore there is no sense in buying it.
- Comp. Sent.: coordinating conjunction—semicolon combo
S-V; S-V, conj. S-V
Ex. It was radical; it was daring, but mostly it was cheap.
- Compound Sentence: variations on a parallel theme
S-V; S-V; S-V.
North bid one club; East passed; South bid one spade; West doubled.
- Comp. Sent.: general statement w/ explanatory statement
Ex. One factor is often missing from modern labor: pleasure in work. (THINK of a COLON as an ARROW POINTING to what FOLLOWS IT.)
- Series without a conjunction
A, B, C
Ex. Government of the people, by the people, for the people
- Series w/ a variation (SP4 but replacing commas with conj)
A conj. B conj. C
Ex. Red or white or blue
- Series of balanced pairs
A conj. B, C conj. D, E conj. F
Coffee and tea, bacon and eggs, sausage and biscuts.
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