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Glossary of English AP

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Exordium
"web" used to draw in the audience
Parallelism
Similarly structured words that appear in a sentence or paragraph.
Pathos
The appleal of the text to the emotions or interests of the audience
voice
diction + sentence structure that convey a writer's persona.
evidence
facts, anecdotes, statistics used in support of a claim.
Genre
A type of writing (letter, narrative, eulogy, editorial)
Anaphora
Repetition of a group of words
Alliteration
Repition of consonant sounds at the beginning or in the middle of two or more adjacent words.
Anadiplosis
The repetition of the last word of one clause at the start of the following clause.
Heuristic
Systematic strategy for solving problems.
periodic sentence
Sentence with elements included before verb or complement.
Refutation
part of speech were speaker counters objections to points being raised.
Rhetor
rhetoric being used effectively.
Rhetoric
the art of analyzing all the choices that a writer might make.
Rhetorical triangle
diagram showing the relations in a rhetorical situation.
Metonymy
An entity reffered to by one of its attributes.
claim
The point backed up by support of an argument.
confirmation
The part of a speech in which speaker offers a demonstration of central idea.
contradiction
urges speaker to invent an example that is counter to main idea
Narration
the part in which the speaker provides background info. on the topic.
Antecedent-Consequence Relationships
"if...then" reasons.
"If you do your chores, then you can leave."
Casual Relationship
(cause and effect).
"If Y is the cause, then X is the effect."

"If X is the effect, then Y caused it."

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