Glossary of English 9 Vocab (Unit 3)
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- Personal Pronouns
- Show by their form whether the person is speaking, spoken to, or spoken of: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, her, them, him, us.
- Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
- Used to refer to or to emphasize a noun or another pronoun: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, outselves, yourselves, themselves.
- Interrogative Pronouns
- Ask questions: who, whom, which, what, whose.
- Demonstrative Pronouns
- Point out: this, that, these, those.
- Indefinite Pronouns
- Refer less specifically to persons, places, or things: each, either, everyone, neither, nobody, some, many, several, both.
- Common Noun
- A common noun names any one of a group of persons, places, things, or ideas and is not generally capitalized. (common: mountain)
- Proper Noun
- A proper noun names a particular person, place, thing, or idea and is always capitalized (proper: Stone Mountain).
- Concrete Noun
- A concrete noun names an object that can be perceived by the senses.(concrete: flower, yogurt)
- Abstract Noun
- An abstract noun names an idea, a feeling, a quality, or a characteristic.(abstract: love, joy)
- Compound Noun
- A compound noun consists of two or more words used together as a single noun (newspaper, fire drill, sister-in-law).
- Words that modify or qualify the meaning of a noun or a pronoun.
- Transitive Verb
- Expresses action that passes to a receiver. (Sam picked the plums.)
- Intransitive Verb
- Expresses action that does not pass to a receiver. (Sam ate quickly.)
- Linking Verb
- Connects the subject to a word that identifies or describes it. (Sam is happy about the plums.)
- A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in a sentence. It exists to help express space, time, and other relationships among words.
- A conjunction is a word that joins single words or groups of words. Conjunctions clarify the relationship between parts of a sentence.
- Coordinating Conjunctions
- Used to join words, phrases, or clauses. (and, but, or, nor, for, yet).
- Correlative Conjunctions
- Use the first part of the correlative conjunction before one word or group of words and the second part before the related word or group of words. (ex: Either you or I must go.) (both...and, either...or, just...so, neither...nor).
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- Joins two clauses, or ideas, in such a way as to make pone grammatically dependent upon the other. (ex: We cheered the tall ships because they were exciting.)after, although, as, as far as, as if, as long as, because, before, if, in order that, since, than, unless, until, when, whenever, where, while.
- Conjunctive Adverbs
- Used to clarify the relationship between clauses of equal weight in a sentence. (ex: The ships sailed away; however, they left us with many happy memories.)also, besides, furthermore, moreover, however, nevertheless, still, although, consequently, therefore, so, thus, equally, likewise, similarly.
- A word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation. An interjection has no grammatical connection to any other words. (Ex: wow, oh, ah, oops, hi, ssh).
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