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Glossary of English 4 2nd semester final

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echelon
n. military unit
steplike formation
Irrefutable
adj. cant be disproved
badinage
n. playful conversation
allege
v. to assert w/o proof
fatuous
adj. foolish in a self satisfied way
lackadaisical
adj. lacking interest
juggernaut
n. massive and inescapable
exacerbate
v. to make more violent
conciliate
v. win over pacify make consistant
arrant
adj. shameless blatant
countermand
to cancel an order w/ another that is contrary to the first
saturnine
adj. cold or sluggish
litany
n. repetative chant to God
macabre
adj. having death as subject gruesome
substantive
adj. of major importance solid
recant
w/draw statement which one has been comited
paucity
scarcity
raze
v. to tear down scrape off
portend
v. advance warning of
melange
n. mixture medley
saturate
v. soak throughly
slough
v. discard
n. state of depression
imperturbable
adj. not easily excited
paroxysm
n. sudden outburst spasm
increment
n. increast
collusion
secret agreement
dilettante
n. dabble in the arts one who engages in an imature way
acclamation
n. overwhelming verbal vote of acceptance
bucolic
adj. rural relating to shepherds
paltry
adj. inferior trashy mean insignificant
calumniate
v. to slander to acuse falsely
mandate
n. formal order
v. issue an order
chary
adj.cautious
shibboleth
n. word distiguish a certain group of people
refulgent
adj. shining radiant
tyro
n. beginner
peregrination
n. excursion especially by foot
redolent
adj. smell arouse memories or create aura
proffer
v. to present
pedantry
n. overly attention to rules and details
profane
adj. impure not connected w/ religon
v. treat w/ irreverence
unremitting
adj. not stopping
vituperative
adj. harshly abusive
vacillate
v. waver weakly in mind
fraught
adj. full of
accompanied by
benign
adj. gently understanding
attentuate
v. make thin weaken in force or value
cavil
v. find fault in petty way
v. trivial objection to criticism
foible
n. weak point minor flaw
charlatan
n. a pretender a quack
concomitant
adj. accompanying
n.something that accompanes something else
askance
adv. with suspicion mistrust
decimate
v. to kill large partof
concatenation
n. linking together chain
forgo
v. to do without give up
shambles
n. a slaughterhouse a state of complete disorder
peremptory
adj. nature of a command that leave no opportunity for debate. offensivley self assured
inure
v. to toughen harden
penitent
adj. regretful for sins
n. one who is sorry for wrongdoing
obsequious
adj. often for purely self interestedreasons
sporadic
adj. occuring randomly no set plan
rebuff
v. to snub drive away
n.curt rejection
reconnoiter
v. to make preliminatry inspection
oscillate
v. to swing back and forth. wave
obtuse
adj. not to point
burnish
v. to make glossy by polish
n. luster
ebullient
adj. over enthusiastic
delectable
adj. delightful delicously flavored
abrogate
v. to cancel
asperity
n. bitterness severity
detritus
n. fragments that result in destruction
desuetude
n. disuse state of discontinued
ambient
adj. completey surrounding
cabal
n. small group working in secret
deprecate
v. to belittle mild disaproval
eclectic
adj.drawn from diff. sources
sequester
v. to set apart
moribund
adj. dying on the way out
necromancers
n. influence future through death magic
winnow
v. rid someithing unwanted delete fan
flaccid
adj. limp
rife
adj. common happening often
inexorable
adj. inflexible beyond influence
onerous
adj. burdensome involving hardship
emanate
v. to send forth
impecunious
adj. having little or no money
rudiments
n. the earliest stages
importune
v. to trouble with demands
fetish
n. object believe to have magical powers
espouse
v. to take up and suppport adopt marry
interpolate
v. addition or corrction to insert between other parts
gregarious
adj, living together in a herd or gourp seeking company of others
aesthetic
adj. pertaining to beauty
discomfit
v. to frustrate defeat confuse
hapless
adj. marked by persisten absence of good luck
conjecture
n. a guess tentative theory
v. to make a guess
impeccable
adj. faultess
defunct
adj. no longer in existance dead
laconic
adj. concise using few words
nadir
n. the lowest point
languish
v. to become weak depress
irreparable
adj. encapable of being repaired
perfunctory
edj. done ina superficial manner
mendacious
adj. given to lying or deception
omnipresent
adj. present everywhere
tantamount
adj. equivalent
requite
v. to make suitable repayment reciprocate
plaintive
adj. expressive of sorrow or woe
unregenerate
adj. persisitng in holding obstinately to old ideas
cognizant
adj. aware knowledgeable
deign
v. to think it apropreate or suitable to ones dignity
contrite
adj. regretul for some misdeed or sin
abstruse
adj. extremely difficult to understant
canard
n. a false rumor
decorous
adj. well behaved
efficacy
n. to power to produce a desired result
cynosure
n. the center of attraction something that served to guide
affront
n. an open insult
v. to insult to ones face
desiccated
adj. throghly dried outdivested of spirit or vitality
capitious
adj. excessivley ready to find fault petty criticism to confuse
machination
n. a crafty scheming or underhanded action to accomplishs ome evil end
preempt
v. to seize upon the exclusion of others take over
facade
n. the front or face of a building
ethereal
adj. light airy delicate
putative
adj. generally regarded as such reupted hypothesized
opprobrium
n. disgracea rising form shamful ocnduct
engender
v. to bring into existnece
incongruous
adj. not keeping unsuitable
febrile
adj. feverish
euphemism
n. a mind or inoffensive expression used in place of a harsh one
complaisant
adj.obliging wanted to please
cacophonous
adj. harsh souding
behemoths
n. creature of enormous size power
gainsay
v. to deny
blandishment
n. anything designed to flatter
chicanery
n. trickery
beatific
adj. blissful
consign
v. to give over anothers care, charge, or control
coup
n. a highsly successful stroke act plan
minutiae
n. small or tivial details
moratorium
n. a suspension of activity
replete
adj. filled to capacity
nostrums
n. an alleged cure all
wizened
adj. dry shrunken and wrinkled
innate
adj. natural
pariahs
n, an outcast
imminent
adj. about ot happen threatening
loath
adj. unwilling reluctant
visionary
adj. not practical
n. one gived ot far fetched ideas
manifest
adj. clear evident to the eyes
v. to show plainly
n. a list of cargo
inviolabe
adj. sacred
dissidence
n. a difference of opinion
obeisance
n. deep bow or other body ovement indicating respenct
epicurean
adj. devoted ot the pursit ofpleasure
n. person with discriminating taste
mutable
adj open or capable to change
improvident
adj. not thrift
failing to plan ahead
aperture
n. an opeining gap hole
nascent
n. a habit or mannerism assumed for effect
iniquity
adj. just beginning to exist
subsist
v. to have existenst to remain alive
progeny
n. descendants offspring
promulgate
v. to proclain or issue officially
resitve
adj. restless
presage
v. to foreshadow or point to a future event
n. a warning ot indication
pillory
n. a device for pblicly puishing offenders
recriminiation
n. an exchange of charges or accusations
seraphic
adj. angelic
pittance
n. a woefully meager allowance
panegyric
n. formal or elaborate praise
rectitude
n. uprightness

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