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Glossary of English 10 Honors Unit 5

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amnesty
(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
autonomy
(n.) self-government, political control

S: home rule
A: dependence, subjection, colonial status
axiomatic
(adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule

S: taken for granted
A: questionable, dubious, controversial
blazon
(v.) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely

S: broadcast, trumpet
A: hide, conceal, cover up, bury
caveat
(n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

S: admonition, word to the wise
equitable
(adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice

S: right, reasonable, evenhanded
A: unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate
extricate
(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort

S: disentangle, extract, disengage
A: enmesh, entangle, involve
filch
(v.) to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

S: pilfer, purloin, swipe
flout
(v.) to mock, treat with contempt

S: scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn
A: obey, honor, revere, uphold
fractious
(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable

S: refractory, recalcitrant, peevish
A: docile, tractable, cooperative
precept
(n.) a rule of conduct or action

S: principle, maxim
salutary
(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome

S: salubrious, curative
A: detrimental, deleterious, pernicious
scathing
(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm

S: searing, harsh, ferocious, savage
A: bland, mild
scourge
(v.) to whip, punish severely; (n.) a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or critcism

S: (v.) flog, beat; (n.) bane, plague, pestilence
A: (n.) godsend, boon blessing
sepulchral
(adj.) funeral, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal

S: doleful, lugubrious, mortuary
soporific
(n.) something that induces sleep

S: (n.) narcotic, anesthetic
A: (adj.) stimulating; (n.) stimulant, stimulus
straitlaced
(adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct, prudish, puritanical

S: highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy
A: lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute
transient
(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time

S: (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
A: (adj.( permanent, imperishable, immortal
unwieldy
(adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity

S: cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical
A: manageable, easy to handle
vapid
(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force


S: insipid, lifeless, colorless
A: zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively

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