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Glossary of English9 Finals: Grammar

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What is a simple sentence?

Example?
Made up of 1 IC

The fish swam.
What is a compound sentence?

Example?
Made up of 2 IC.

My sister biked, and I walked.
What is a complex sentence?

Example?
Made up of 1 IC + 1 or more DC.

Because I like lacrosse, I am on the team.
What is a compound-complex sentence?

Example?
Made up of 2 IC and 1 or more DC.

Eventhough it was raining, I went outside and I played lacrosse.
What is a main (independent) clause?

Example?
Group of words that express a complete thought or idea, includes a subject and a verb.

Lola ran.
What is a subordinate (dependent) clause?

Example?
Subject and verb, not a complete idea, introduced by subordinating conj.

Because it was raining, ....
What are particples?

Example?
as an adj or adv
ending in -ing, -ed

help*
What are gerunds?

Example?
as a noun instead of a verb.

I like swimming?
What are infinitives?

Example?
= to+verb

to run, to spin
What is a noun clause?
What are the questions asked for a noun clause?
Example?
-Acts as a subject or direct object in a sentence.
-WHO? WHAT?
-Kelley is a hero. (what I need) to replace
What is a Adj Clause?
What questions?
Example?
-usually follows a noun
-What kind? Which one? How many?
- The boy who is tall, can touch the lights. ( who is tall is the adj clause)
What is an adv clause?
what questions?
example?
-comes at beginnig of sentence followed by a comma.
- HOW?WHERE?WHEN?
- Whenever it rains, I use my umbrella.

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