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Glossary of Emergency Pharmacology

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Medications
Drug or other substance that is used as a remedy for illness. They have specific physiological effects on cells, organs, and body systems
Pharmacology
Study of Drugs and their actions in the body.
Drug
Any substance taken to treat or prevent disease or condition
Pharmacokinetics
Study of how the body handles a drug over a period of time.
Pharmacodynamics
Mechanism of Drug action on living tissue.
Indication
Medical condition that would warrent medication.
Contraindiction
Medical/ Physiological conditions present that would make it harmful to administer drugs.
Absorption
Movement of drug molecules from site of entry to circulation.
Mechanism of Action
What does it do?
Agonist
Completes an action
Antagonist
Blocks on Action
Therapeutic Action
Intended Effect of the Drug
Cumulative Action
Subsequent action of the drug
Synergism
Combined effect of two drugs are stronger than one drug alone
Potentiation
Additive effect (Alcohol with Depressants)
Hypersensitivity
Allergic reaction to a drug
Idiosyncrasy
Individual, unpredicted effect of a drug
Untoward Effect
Harmful Side Effect
Side Effect
Undesired effect from a drug
Biotransformation
Turning the drug into another form
Depressant
Depresses body functions
Stimulant
Increases body functions
Refractory
Drug does not work (Resistance)
Habituation
Develop a habit, or need the drug to function
Tolerance
Body becomes use to the drug
Bolus
Single dose of the drug as fast as you can
Infusion
Contolled administration of a drug

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