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Glossary of Elstone's Band Final

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Created by Maddbunnies

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a punto d'arco
play at the point (tip) of the bow
ad libitum (ad lib)
at will, play freely
alla
in the style of
arco
play with the bow (opposite of pizzicato)
ben
well
col
with (like: col 2nd fl = with second flute)
col lengo
play with the wooden part of the bow
con
with (con brio = with FIRE)
divisi (div.)
divide the part
e
and
fine
end
glissando
sliding motion between two or more notes
ma
but (allegro ma non troppo = lively BUT not too fast)
meno
less (meno forte = less than forte)
molto
much (molto legato = VERY smooth and connected)
non
not (see under ma)
ossia
either, or (used when an alternate part is given)
piu
more (piu forte=a little louder than forte)
Tab
She's really freaking awesome, amirite? ;D
pizzicato
like a pizza!
Actually it's pluck the string with the right hand (opposite of arco)
poco a poco
little by litte
quasi
seemingly, as if (quasi legato= play in a somewhat legato style)

Also one of the main characters in Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre-Dame ;D Good book.

sempre
always
senza
without
simile
the same, continue playing in the same manner
soli
more than one player in unison
solo
one player

(duh)

sordino
mute (con sordino=with mute)
sotto voce
under the voice, play with a subdued sound, undertone
subito
quickly, suddenly
sul, sulla
on, upon the (sul G- play the entire passage on the G string lol)
sul ponticello
play near the bridge so that the upper partials predominate in the tone
sul tasteiro, sul tasto
play over the fingerboard to produce a light, flutelike tone
tacet
SILENCE. do not play
tremolo
in string playing, the quick reiteration of the same tone, produced by rapid up and down movement of the bow
troppo
too much
tutti
everyone play together, full ensemble
vibrato
vibrate, oscillate pitch/volume of tone for expression
Largo
very slow
Grave
very slow and solemn
Lento
very slowly
Adagio
slowly, with expression
Andante
moderately slow, at a walking pace
Andantino
a little faster than andante

("andantino, playas")

Moderato
a moderate tempo
Allegretto
a little slower than allegro
Allegro
cheerfully, a lively tempo
Vivace
vivacious, fast
Presto
very fast
accelerando
gradually faster
stringendo
gradually faster, usually with a crecendo
doppio moviment
twice as fast
piu mosso
more motion, faster
con motto
with motion, keep the tempo moving foreward
rallentando
gradually slower
ritardando
gradually slower
ritenuto
immediate reduction in speed
allargando
gradually slower and broader
morendo
gradually slower and softer, dying away
calando
gradually slower and softer
smorzando
gradually slower and softer
meno mosso
less motion, a little softer
l'istesso tempo
keep the same tempo
a tempo
resume the previous tempo, usually after a ritardando
tempo primo (Tempo 1)
return to the origin al (first) tempo of the piece
rubato
be flexible with the tempo, alternate slight accelerandos and ritardandos for expression
piu pianissimo (ppp)
very, very soft
pianissimo (pp)
very soft
piano (p)
soft
mezzo piano (mp)
medium soft
mezzo forte (mf)
medium loud
fortissimo (ff)
very loud
piu fortissimo (fff)
very, very loud

AHHHHH



crescendo
gradually louder
decrescendo
gradually softer
diminuendo
gradually softer
poco a poco crescendo
gradually louder, little by little
poco a poco decrescendo
gradually softer, little by little
forte-piano (fp)
loud then immediately soft
sforzando, sforzato (sfz of sf)
a sudden strong accent
rinforzando (rf, rfz, rinf.)
a very strong accent, similar to sforzando
legato
smooth and connected
staccato
STACCATO!

short, detached; usually played lightly





marcatto (tee pees)
marked, with emphasis. Heavily played.
tenuto
sustained, full value
animato
animated, lively
agitato
agitated
cantabile
in a singing style
dolce
sweetly
expressivo
expressively
giocoso
joyfully, playfully
grandioso
in a grand or noble style
grazioso
gracefully
leggiero
lightly
maestoso
majestically
marciale
in a martial style
pesante
in a heavy, coarse style
scherzando
in a light, playful style
secco
very short and dry
sostenuto
sustained

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