Glossary of Elements of Literature 2
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- revolves around the theme
- The introduction or beginning of a story; where the author presents the basic info the readers need to know to understand the events that follow.
- rising action
- A series of events that add conflict to the story.
- the peak in the story's action, generally a moment of considerable tension or importance.
- the conclusion of a story; where the action is drawn to a close.
- struggle between opposing forces that emerges as the story's action develops.
- internal conflict
- a struggle within one's self; a person must make a decision, overcome pain, etc.
- external conflict
- a struggle with a force outside of one's self
- Name the five kinds of conflict
- 1. human vs. human
2. human vs. society
3. human vs. self
4. human vs. nature
5. human vs. fate/ supernatural
- where and when a story takes place; the time and place surrounding a story
- the main idea expressed in a literary work; the central insight/truth about a text; often a moral/lesson.
- What is the author's purpose?
- - convince you of an idea
- criticize something about human nature
- Worthwile themes are <blank>, which means they are <blank> and valid across time and cultures.
- 1. universal
- character motivation
- the reasons behind a character's behavior; why they act a particular way/do certain things
- round character
- a character in the story who is fully developed; the reader can see his/her many personality traits; is closely involved with the story's action.
- flat character
- a character in the story who seems one-dimensional/stereotypical; is barely developed and the reader knows very little about him/her.
- dynamic character
- a character who grows or changes, developing as a result of the events, actions, or characters in a story.
- static character
- a character who remains the same throughout a story, despite all that he/she experiences.
- the central character in a story, the one with whom the reader is supposed to sympathize; hero.
- the person or force that opposes the protagonist; an enemy of the story's hero/heroine. Does not have to be human.
- point of view
- the angle or vantage point from which the story is told; the perspective.
- the person telling the story
- first person narration
- the narrator is a character in the story and uses "I" or "we" to tell experiences, feelings, or thoughts.
- third person omniscient narration
- the story is told from the perspective of an outsider who can move at will from one character's mind to another; a "God-like" perspective of the story.
- limited omniscient narration
- an all-knowing narrator about one or two characters, but not all.
- objective p.o.v.
- the narrator does not enter the mind of any character, but describes the events from the outside.
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