Glossary of Elements of Literature 2

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revolves around the theme
The introduction or beginning of a story; where the author presents the basic info the readers need to know to understand the events that follow.
rising action
A series of events that add conflict to the story.
the peak in the story's action, generally a moment of considerable tension or importance.
the conclusion of a story; where the action is drawn to a close.
struggle between opposing forces that emerges as the story's action develops.
internal conflict
a struggle within one's self; a person must make a decision, overcome pain, etc.
external conflict
a struggle with a force outside of one's self
Name the five kinds of conflict
1. human vs. human
2. human vs. society
3. human vs. self
4. human vs. nature
5. human vs. fate/ supernatural
where and when a story takes place; the time and place surrounding a story
the main idea expressed in a literary work; the central insight/truth about a text; often a moral/lesson.
What is the author's purpose?
- convince you of an idea
- entertain
- criticize something about human nature
Worthwile themes are <blank>, which means they are <blank> and valid across time and cultures.
1. universal
2. true
character motivation
the reasons behind a character's behavior; why they act a particular way/do certain things
round character
a character in the story who is fully developed; the reader can see his/her many personality traits; is closely involved with the story's action.
flat character
a character in the story who seems one-dimensional/stereotypical; is barely developed and the reader knows very little about him/her.
dynamic character
a character who grows or changes, developing as a result of the events, actions, or characters in a story.
static character
a character who remains the same throughout a story, despite all that he/she experiences.
the central character in a story, the one with whom the reader is supposed to sympathize; hero.
the person or force that opposes the protagonist; an enemy of the story's hero/heroine. Does not have to be human.
point of view
the angle or vantage point from which the story is told; the perspective.
the person telling the story
first person narration
the narrator is a character in the story and uses "I" or "we" to tell experiences, feelings, or thoughts.
third person omniscient narration
the story is told from the perspective of an outsider who can move at will from one character's mind to another; a "God-like" perspective of the story.
limited omniscient narration
an all-knowing narrator about one or two characters, but not all.
objective p.o.v.
the narrator does not enter the mind of any character, but describes the events from the outside.

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