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Glossary of Elements of Literature (Grade 9)

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Protagonist
The main character of the story who plays the central role
Plot
The series of events/actions of the story
Settings
The time, place, and culture of the story
Tone
The author's attitude toward his/her audience
Point of View
The perspective from which the story is told to the reader
First Person
Narrator refers to himself/herself as I.
Third Person Objective
Narrator is outside the story reporting without judgment
Third Person, Limited
Narrator focuses on only what a single character experiences.
Third Person, Omniscient
Narrator is able to jump from one character's mind to another
Theme
The central or universal idea of the work
Speaker
The voice of the narrator
Narrator
The teller of the story
Antagonist
A character whose actions work in direct opposition to the protagonist

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