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Glossary of Elements of Art

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Balance
the way of combining elements of art, to add stability to work of art.
A.) Symmetrical- formal Balance, which is roughly even in distribution of visual weight or activity on each side of center of the artwork.
B.) Asymmetrical- informal balance which has larger massess on one side that are balanced by smaller contrasting, or more intensely colored parts on the other side.
Proportion
relationship of certain elements to teh whole and to each other
Emphasis
emphasizing one or more of the elements of design which creates center of interest in art. Emphasis may also be on subject matter or concept.
Line
path of moving point. Can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curved, angular, zigzag, bent, staright, interrupted, thick, thin.
Color
What eye sees when light is reflected.
hue- color
value- light to dark
primary colors- (red, blue, yellow) all colors out of these, cant be created by other colors
secondary colors- (orange, violet, green) mix primary colors
Shape
area enclosed by outline, area flat created by line, color, and tones; geometric; amorphou (without clarity); bio-morphic (living or dead)
Form
Shape with 3 dimmensions- hieght, width, and depth. can be realistic, abstarct, idealized, naturalistic, or non representational.
Texture
very smooth- to quite rough. real or implied.
Space
negative space
positive space
area around objects
Monochromatic
1 color adding black and white to it
warm colors
red, orange, yellow
cool colors
green, blue, violet
shades
amount of darkness in a color
complemtary colors
opposite colors on the color wheel
(red-green, violet- yellow etc...)
Analogous colors
secondary colors
(violet, green, orange)
Tertiary colors
intermediate colors
(red violet red orange, yellow orange etc...)

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