cueFlash

Glossary of Effects of Immobility

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

Musculoskeletal System
-Disuse Osteoporosis: bones become demineralized
-Disuse Atropy: muscles decrease in size
-Contractures: permanent shortening of muscle fibers
-Stiffness and pain in joints: collagen becomes ankylosed
Cardiovascular System
-Diminished cardiac reserve: tachycardia and angina w/minimal exertion
-Increased use of Valsalva maneuver: holding breath and straining against closed glottis
-Orthostatic Hypotension: pooling of blood
-Venous vasodilation
-Dependent Edema:
-Thrombus Formation
Respiratory System
-Decreased respiratory movement: vital capacity reduced due to rigidity
-Pooling of respiratory secretions
-Atelectasis: collapse of a lobe or entire lung
-Hypostatic pneumonia: bacteria growth in pooled secretions
Metabolic System
-Decreased metabolic rate
-Negative nitrogen balance
-Anorexia
-Negative calcium balance
Urinary System
-Urinary stasis
-Renal calculi
-Urinary retention
-Urinart infection
Gastrointestinal System
-Decreased peristalsis
-Colon motility
-Skeletal weakness: effects the abdominal and perineal muscles used in defecation
-Constipation
Psychonneurologic System
An increased dependence on others can lower a person's self-esteem
Nursing interventions
-Positioning a client correctl
-ROM exercises
-Getting client out of bed regularly if allowed
-Provide trapeze bar for movement in bed
-Nutrition
-Fluids
-Turn Cough Deep Breath: 10x qh
Range of Motion (ROM)
-Should be done every shift
-Support joints
-Proper alignment of body promotes bodily functions
Foot Drop
Flexors are stronger than extensors which make elderly at risk for foot drop

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards