Glossary of Educational Psychology Ch. 1 Foundations for Teaching

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what makes a good teacher?
-knowledge of subject matter & teaching resources
-pedagogical skills
what is educational psych?
accumulated knowledge wisdeom and seat of the pants theory to solve daily teaeching dilemas
what is pedagogy?
the link btwn what students need to learn and actual learning

"the study of teaching and learning with applications to the instructional process"
what is an intentional teachers?
"do things for a purpose, plan actions based on desired outcomes"
-know resources, believe in efficacy, use critical thinking skills
what is teacher efficacy? why important?
most powerful predictor of a teacher's impact

"the degree to which teachers feel that their own efforts determine the success of their students"
Define Critical Thinking
"evaluation of conclusions through logical and systematic examination of the problem, the evidence, and the solution"
what is the goal of research in educational psychology?
to carefully examine the obvious as well as less than obvious questions, using objective methods to test ideas about the factors that contribute to learning
What is the difference between a principle and a theory? how related?
PRINCIPLE is the RELATIONSHIP between factors (principles and laws), and THEORY is the set of related factors (principles and laws) that EXPLAINs and relates certain phenomena of learning

They are both products of research
What is the diff btwn treatment, experiment, and variable?
TREATMENT: special program that is the SUBJECT of experiment
VARIABLE: something that can have MORE THAN ONE VALUE
EXPERIMENT: PROCEDURE used to test the effect of a treatment
What is the diff btwn internal and external validity and where are each found? * Note only used with Experimental Research
INTERNAL: degree to which results apply to treatment GIVEN. LABORATORY EXPERIMENT
EXTERNAL: degree to which results apply to REAL LIFE. RANDOMIZED FIELD EXPERIMENT (long periods of time)
How can the results be used for Single Case Exp, Correlational Research, Descriptive Research & Action Research
SINGLE CASE: one person study, used in REPEATED situations (i.e. talking in class)
CORRELATIONAL: pos neg un correlat,most frequently used, shows a RELATIONSHIP and POSSIBLE
DESCRIPTIVE: survey interview. IDENTIFY CHARACTERISTICS of children at diff ages DETAILS & INTERPRETATION. no scientific objectivity
ACTION RESEARCH: type of descriptive research carried out by EDUCATORS in own CLASSROOM, by peo with INSIGHT
How can you be intentional?
get certified (PRAXIS)
seek mentors
seek prof development
talk teaching
keep up with prof publications and associations

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