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Glossary of Ecology year 10

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A group of individuals (of one species) living in the same area.
Population
A group of plants and animals living and interacting with one another in athe same area.
Community
A community of organisms, all dependent on each other, in combination with the non-living aspects of the envirnoment in which they live (i.e. all the species, and the biotic and abiotic factors of their envrionment).
Ecosystem
The specific locality or environment in which a plant or animal lives
Habitat
A plant or animal that makes its own food (e.g. plants) for energy.
Producer
A plant or animal that eats other living things for energy.
Consumer
An animal that hunts other animals (prey) to eat them for energy.
Predator
An animal/s that are eaten by a predator.
Prey
An animal that eats both vegetation and other animals.
Omnivore
Animal that eats meat
Carnivore
Animal that eats vegetation
Herbivore
The level occupied in a food chain(primary, secondary or tertiary, etc).
Trophic level
A sequence of organisms from within an ecosystem, in which each eats the next organism in the chain
Food chain
The interconnected food chains in an ecosystem
Food web
The total of all factors affecting an organisms (biotic and abiotic factors).
Environment

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