Glossary of EPPP Social Psych
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- What are central traits and whose name is associated with this concept?
- Asch...certain traits influence impressions more than others (CENTRAL traits, "warm", "cold"); provide unique information, associated with large number of other characteristics.
- Organized, interconnected mental networks of info based on personal/social experience used to judge/ interpret current circumstances.
- Illusory correlation
- Belief that two events, characteristics, other variables are related when actually not. Result of schema that links the variables.
- What role does social context play in impression formation?
- Rosenham found that confederates who complained of A/H and were admitted were likely to continue to be viewed as psychotic by staff, even though they no longer reported symptoms
- What dimensions are used to describe attribution?
- 1. Dispositional vs situational
2. Stable vs unstable
3. Specific vs global
- Fundamental attribution bias (error)
- When evaluating others: overestimation of role of disposition/underestmation of role of situation.
- Actor-observer effect
- Tendency to make different attributions about our own behavior than about others'
- Self-serving bias
- Tendency to blame situations for our failures and to credit ourselved with our successes (like external/ internal locus of control)
- What attributions are associated with learned helplessness?
- Failures are internal (dispositional), stable, and global
- Innate motive contributing to initiation and maintenance of interpersonal relationships
- How do genders differ in terms of affiliation?
- Females: more conversation, more likely to talk to other females in public, more need for verbal communication and self-disclosure
Males: Less of the above and more reliance on shared activities
- What role does anxiety play in affiliation?
- In stressful situation, high anxiety persons prefer to be with others and most want others to also be high anxiety. Would rather be alone than with low anxiety persons.
- Misery loves miserable company
- In stressful sitns, social comparison is more important than relief of discomfort