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Glossary of ENC 1101 vocab. for college bound student book

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abrupt
broken off; lacking in continuity; steep
corrupt(adj.)
changed from good to bad; viscious
corrupt(v.)
changed from good to bad.
disrupt
break apart; cause disorder
erupt
burst or break out
incorruptible
inflexibly honest; incapable of being corrupted or bribed
interrupt
break into or between;hinder; stop
rupture
1.break; breaking
2.hostility
sloping
antonym of abrupt
bactericide
substance that kills bacteria
biocide
substance that destroy linving microorganisms
fratricide
act of killing on's brother
fungicide
susbstance that kills fungi or inhibits their growth
genocide
deliberate extermination of a racial or curltural group
germicide
susbstance that kills germs
herbicide
substance that kills plants
homicide
killing og one human by another
infanticide
act of killin an infant
insecticide
substance that kills insects
matricide
act of killing one's mother
patricide
act of killin one's father
pesticide
substance that kills rats, insects, bacteria, etc.
regicide
act of killing a king
sororicide
act of killing one's sister
suicide
act of killin one's self
tyrannicide
act of killing a tyrant
astringent(adj.)
drawing tightly together
stern; austere
astringent(n.)
substancde that shrinks tissues and checks flow of blood by drwaing together blood vessels
boa constrictor
snake that "constricts" or crushes its prey in its coils.
constrict
draw together; render narrower; shrink
restrict
deep within limits; confine
stricture
adverse criticism; censure
stringent
strict;rigid;severe
unrestricted
not confined within bounds; free
open to all
carnivore
flesh-eating animal
carnivorous
flesh-eating
devour
eat greedily or ravenously
seize upon and destroy
frugivorous
feeding on fruit
herbivorous
plant-eating animal
insectivorous
dependent on insects as food
omnivore
person or animal that eats everything
omnivorous
1. eating verything, both plant and animal substances
2. avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
voracious
greedy in eating
insatiable, as a voracious appetite
omnibus (adj.)
covering many things at once, as an omnibus bill
omnibus(n.)
1.bus
2. book containing a variety of works by one author, as aHemingway omnibus
omnifarious
of all varieties, forms, of kinds
omnific
all-creating
omnipotent
unlimited in power; almighty
omnipresent
present everywhere at the same time; ubiquitous
omniscient
knowing everything
deflect
turn aside
flex
bend, as to flex a limb
flexible
pliable; not rigid; tractable
flexor
muscle that serves to bend a limb
genuflect
bend the knee; tousch the right knee to the ground, as in worship
inflection
change in the pitch or tone of a person's voice
inflexibility
rigidity; firmness
reflect
1. throuw back light, as from a prism
2. think
reflex
involuntary response to a stimulus; for example, sneezing s a reflex
convivial
fond fo eating and drinking with freinds; jovial; hopitable
revive
bring back to life;restore
survive
outlive; remain alive after
vivacious
lively in a temper or conduct
vivacity
liveliness of spirit
vivid
1. used with things having the vigor and spirit of life
2. sharp and clear;graphic
vivify
enliven; make vivd
vivisection
operation on a living animal for scientific investigation
contortionist
person who can twist his or her body into odd postures
distort
1. twist out of shape; contort
2. twist out of the true meaning; misrepresent; perver; falsify
extort
wrest from a person by force
retort (v.)
reply quickly or sharply
retort (n.)
quick, witty, or cutting reply
torsion
act of twistin; twisting of a body by two opposing forces
tortuous
full of twists or curves; winding; as a tortuous road
torture (v.)
1. wrench; twist
2. inflict severe pain upon
torture(n.)
anguish of body or mind; agony
convict (v.)
prove guilty; show conclusively to be guilty
convict (n.)
person seving a prison sentence
conviction
1. state of having been judged guilty of an offense
2. strong belief
convince
persuade or show conclusively by argument or proof
evict
1. expel by legal process, as to evict a tenant
2. oust
evince
show clearly; disclose
invincible
incapable of being conquered
vanquish
overcome in battle; conquer
victor
winner; conqueror
fraction
one or more of the equal parts of a whole; fragment
fractious
apt to break out into a passion; cross; irritable
fracture
1. break or crack
2. breaking of a bone
fragile
easily broken; frail; delicate
fragment
part broken off
infraction
act of breaking; breach; violation. as an infraction of a law
refract
bend a ray of light; a heat or sound wave, etc., form a straight course
refractory
resisting; intractable; hard to manage, as a refractory mule
detention
act of keeping back or detaining
impertinent
1. not pertinenet; inapropiate
2. rude
pertinacious
adhering firmly to a purpose or opinion; very persistent
pertinent
having to do with the matter at hand; relevant
retentive
tenacious; able to retain or remember
retinue
group of followers or assistantas attending a distinguished person
tenacity
firmness in holding fast; persistence
tenancy
period of a tenant;s temporary holding of real estate
tenet
principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true
tenure
1. period for which and office or position is held, as: "Us Supreme Court Justices enjoy life tenure."
untenable
incapable of being held or defended
admonish
warn of a fault; reprove;rebuke
admonition
gentle reproof; couseling against a fault or error
admonitory
conveying a gentle reproof
monitor (n.)
person or mechanical device that keeps tracik of checks, or warns
monitor (v.)
keep track of, regulate, or control the operation of a machine or process
monument
a means of reminding us of a person or event; for example, a statue or a tomb
premonition
forewarning; intuitive anticipation of a coming event
premonitory
conveying a forewarning
countermand
issue a contrary order
mandate
1. authorittive command
2. territory administered by a trustee
mandatory
obligatory; required by command
remand
send back; recommit, as to a prison
writ of mandamus
written order from a cout to enforce the performance of some public duty
accredited
officially authorized or recognized; provided with credentials
credence
belief as to the truth of something
credentials
documents, letters, references, etc. , that inspire belief of trust
credible
believable
credit
belief; faith; trust
credulous
too reaky to believe; easily deceived
creed or credo
summary of principles believed in or adhered to
discredit (v.)
1. cast doubt on ; refuse to believe
2. take trust or credit away from; disgrace
discredit(n.)
loss of belief or trust; damage to one; reputation; disgrace
incredible
not believable
incredulity
disbelief
affidavit
sworn written statement made before and authorized official
bona fide
made or carried out in good faith; genuine
confidant
one to whom secrets are entrusted
confident
having faith in oneself; self-reliant; sure
confidential
communicated in trust; secret; private
diffident
lackin faith in oneself; timid; shy
fidelity
1. faithfulness to a trust or vow
2. accuracy; faithfulness of sound reproduction
fiduciary
1. held in trust
2. confidential
infidel
one who does not accept a particular faith; unbeliever
perfidious
false to a trust; faithless
perfidy
violation of a trust; treachery; faithlessness; disloyalty

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