Glossary of EMT-Basic(The Human Body)
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- Two gases which are exchanged during breathing.
- Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide.
- Major muscle involved in breathing.
- Which skeletal muscle acts like an involuntary muscle?
- The Diaphragm.
- Which place in the lungs does the exchange of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide take place?
- In the Alveoli.
- Normal breathing rates for adults and children.
- ADULT: 12-20 Times Per Minute.
CHILD: 15-30 Times Per Minute.
INFANT: 25-50 Times Per Minute.
- Name the upper chambers of the heart and their functions.
- RIGHT ATRIUM: Receives oxygen-poor blood from the veins of the body.
LEFT ATRIUM: Receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs via the pulmonary veins.
- Name the lower chambers of the heart and their functions.
- RIGHT VENTRICLE: Pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs.
LEFT VENTRICLE: Pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body.
- Blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart.
- Blood vessels which carry blood to the heart.
- Blood vessels which connect arteries and veins.
- Blood is composed of four different parts, each having its own function.
Name the four parts and their functions.
- 1. Red Blood Cells: Carry oxygen to organs, carbon dioxide away from organs, and gives blood its color.
2. White Blood Cells: Combat infection.
3. Platelets: Clot formation.
4. Plasma: The fluid portion, carries blood cells, nutrients and waste products.
- Two primary components of the nervous system.
- 1. Central Nervous System
2. Peripheral Nervous System
- Two primary components of the Central Nervous System(CNS).
- 1. Brain
2. Spinal Cord
- Two main types of nerves that comprise the Peripheral Nervous System.
- 1. Sensory: Nerves which carry information from the body to the spinal cord and brain.
2. Motor: Nerves which carry information from the brain and spinal cord to the body.
- Three functions of the Skeletal System.
- 1. Gives the body shape.
2. Protects the vital internal organs.
3. Provides for body movement.
- Name the five sections of the Spinal Column.
- 1. Cervical(neck)
2. Thoracic(upper back)
3. Lumbar(lower back)
4. Sacral(back wall of the pelvis)
- Three types of muscles.
- 1. Voluntary(skeletal)
- Three layers of skin.
- 1. Epidermis
3. Subcutaneous Layer
- Three functions of the skin.
- 1. Protection from the environment, bacteria and other organisms.
2. Temperature regulation.
3. Sensing touch, pressure, pain, Heat and cold.
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