Glossary of EMT-Basic(The Human Body)

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Two gases which are exchanged during breathing.
Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide.
Major muscle involved in breathing.
Which skeletal muscle acts like an involuntary muscle?
The Diaphragm.
Which place in the lungs does the exchange of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide take place?
In the Alveoli.
Normal breathing rates for adults and children.
ADULT: 12-20 Times Per Minute.
CHILD: 15-30 Times Per Minute.
INFANT: 25-50 Times Per Minute.
Name the upper chambers of the heart and their functions.
RIGHT ATRIUM: Receives oxygen-poor blood from the veins of the body.
LEFT ATRIUM: Receives oxygen-rich blood from the lungs via the pulmonary veins.
Name the lower chambers of the heart and their functions.
RIGHT VENTRICLE: Pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs.
LEFT VENTRICLE: Pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body.
Blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart.
Blood vessels which carry blood to the heart.
Blood vessels which connect arteries and veins.
Blood is composed of four different parts, each having its own function.
Name the four parts and their functions.
1. Red Blood Cells: Carry oxygen to organs, carbon dioxide away from organs, and gives blood its color.
2. White Blood Cells: Combat infection.
3. Platelets: Clot formation.
4. Plasma: The fluid portion, carries blood cells, nutrients and waste products.
Two primary components of the nervous system.
1. Central Nervous System
2. Peripheral Nervous System
Two primary components of the Central Nervous System(CNS).
1. Brain
2. Spinal Cord
Two main types of nerves that comprise the Peripheral Nervous System.
1. Sensory: Nerves which carry information from the body to the spinal cord and brain.
2. Motor: Nerves which carry information from the brain and spinal cord to the body.
Three functions of the Skeletal System.
1. Gives the body shape.
2. Protects the vital internal organs.
3. Provides for body movement.
Name the five sections of the Spinal Column.
1. Cervical(neck)
2. Thoracic(upper back)
3. Lumbar(lower back)
4. Sacral(back wall of the pelvis)
5. Coccyx(tailbone)
Three types of muscles.
1. Voluntary(skeletal)
2. Involuntary(smooth)
3. Cardiac
Three layers of skin.
1. Epidermis
2. Dermis
3. Subcutaneous Layer
Three functions of the skin.
1. Protection from the environment, bacteria and other organisms.
2. Temperature regulation.
3. Sensing touch, pressure, pain, Heat and cold.

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