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Glossary of Drug Class - Antivirals

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Four groups of antivirals?
antacids
histamine H2 antagonists
proton-pump inhibitors
miscellaneous
Three antacids?
aluminum hydroxide
magaldrate
magnesium hydroxide/aluminum
hydroxide
Five histamine H2 antagonists?
cimetidine
famotidine
nizatidine
ranitidine bismuth citrate
ranitidine
Four proton-pump inhibitors?
esomeprazole
lansoprazole
omeprazole
rabeprazole
Nine miscellaneous antiulcer agents?
amoxicillin
bismuth subsalicylate
clarithromycin
metronidazole
misoprostol
pantoprazole
propantheline
sodium bicarbonate
sucralfate
What are the general uses for antivirals?
various (see breakdowns)
Which three antivirals are used in the management of herpesvirus infections?
acyclovir
famciclovir
valacylovir
Which antiviral is used in the management of chickenpox?
acyclovir
Which 2 antivirals are used primarily in the prevention of influenza A viral infections?
oseltamivir
zanamivir
Which four antivirals are used in the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis?
cidofovir
ganciclovir
valganciclovir
foscarnet
Vidarabine is used only to treat _______ viral infections.
ophthalmic
Which 2 antivirals are used in the treatment and prevention of oral-facial herpes simplex?
penciclovir
docosanol
Most antiviral agents inhibit ____ _____.
viral replication
______ is an antiviral contraindication.
hypersensitivity
All except zanamivir require dosage adjustment in ____ impairment.
renal
______ may cause renal impairment and ____ toxicity.
acyclovir
CNS
Which agent increases risk of seizures.
foscarnet
Acyclovir may have additive _____ and nephrotoxicity with drugs causing similar adverse reactions.
CNS

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