Glossary of Drill and Ceremonies
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- What FM covers Drill and Ceremonies?
- FM 3-21.5
- What is the primary purpose of Drill?
- To quickly move a group of soldiers from one place to another in an orderly manner
- What are three methods of instruction used to teach drill to soldiers?
by the numbers
- As a rule, marching movements are taught using which method?
- What teaching method is best for movements that require numerous actions?
- Talk Through
- Which teaching method is best used for movements with 2 or more counts?
- FM 3-21.5 refers to PICAA, what is this?
- Preparatory command
Command of execution
- When using the by-the-numbers method what command is used to begin instructing one step at a time? What command is used to terminate single-count instruction?
- "by the numbers"
"without the numbers"
- What is the best time to use the U-formation, the line formation?
- U-best for teaching stationary movements
Line- used for teaching marching movements
- To enable soldiers to learn the rhythm of cadence what command can be given?
- "count cadence, COUNT"
- What is a drill command?
- an oral order of a commander or leader.
- How should you be positioned when giving command to troops?
- At the halt, should be facing
On commands that set the unit in motion, should move with the unit
When marching, turn your head towards unit
- What command is given to revoke a preparatory command? command of execution?
- As you were, trick question
- What are the 5 types of commands in drill?
- Two part
- Most drill commands have 2 parts, what are they?
- Preparatory command
Command of execution
- Are the commands "ready,port,arms" and "ready,aim, fire" considered to be 2-part commands?
- What is the interval between prep command and command of execution?
- One count/step
- To change direction on what foot are the commands called?
- On the foot in the direction you are turning
- What commands should be given at a uniformly high pitch and loudness?
- combined commands
- Give a few examples of combined commands?
- At ease, Fall in, Rest
- What is a supplementary command?
- Oral orders given by the subordinate reinforcing and complimenting the commanders order
- When in formation at present arms what should leaders do before giving their supplementary command "order"?
- Terminate the salute
- What are directives?
- Oral orders that direct or cause a subordinate leader to take action. I/e "bring your units to present arms"
- What is the only directive in which a commander relinquishes command and on which salutes are exchanged?
- Take charge of your units
- What are the 3 elements of a correctly delivered command?
- Tone, snap, and cadence
- What is the best posture for giving commands?
- the position of attention
- What is inflection?
- The rise and fall in pitch and tone on the voice
- What is the most desirable pitch when begining a prep command?
- near normal speaking tone
- How should the command of execution be given?
- In a sharp tone, and a higher pitch that the prep command
- What is meant by cadence?
- a uniform and rhythm
- What is a mass command?
- Mass commands are used to develop confidence and promote enthusiasm. Mass commands are given by all members of the unit
- What command is used to initiate Mass commands?
- At your command
- What are the 2 parts of a mass command?
- Prep command (face platoon to the right)
Command of exec (Command, platoon gives "right, face"
- What command is used to stop the use of mass command?
- At my command
- What 2 commands may be given to call a unit or individuals to attention?
- Fall in
- What are the 4 rest positions from the halt?
- Parade rest
stand at ease
- Describe the position of attention.
- Bring heels together sharply, toes at 45 angle, bodyweight evenly on heels and toes, legs strait w/o locking knees, body erect, hips level, chest lifted and arched, shoulder square, head erect, face strait to the front, chin drawn in, head and neck aligned vertically, arms hang strait, fingers curled, thumbs along seams of trousers, remain silent and do not move
- Parade rest is only given from what position?
- What rest positions can be given from parade rest?
- any rest position
- You may talk in formation at only what position?
- What 5 facing movements can be given from attention?
- left/right face
1/2 left/right race
- When marching, who salutes in the formation?
- Only person leading formation
- When outside what is the appropriate time to render to salute?
- Approx 6 paces from individual
- What is meant by marching at attention?
- Combines the position of attention and the marhcing movement
- When executed from the halt, all steps begin with the left foot except?
- Right step
- All marching movements except 2 are executed at attention, what are they?
- route-step march
- Change step march is executed when which foot strikes the ground?
- right foot
- What command is given to change direction of a marching element 180 degrees?
- Rear, March
- On what foot is rear, march given?
- Right foot
- What is the difference betwixt "at ease, march" and "route step, march"?
- At ease- no cadence, maintain silence and interval
route step- same as at ease, soldier may talk, drink
- What are the only 2 command that can be given while marching at ease?
- Route step and quick time
- Half step is how many inches, on which foot is it given?
- 15, either
- While in march,time feet are raised how many inches off marching surface?
- dos, duo, 2
- What is the proper distance betwixt soldiers while marching?
- arms length + 6 inches
- What command is used to march a unit backwards at 15 inche steps?
- Backwards march
- Double time is given at what 2 positions?
- Halt, quick time
- What are the length of the following steps? Forward/half step/left-right step/backward/double time
- What are the 2 positions of attention with a weapon?
- Order arms, sling arms
- Which 3 movements under arms must be performed at order arms?
- double time, stack arms, fix/unfix bayonets
- When carrying arms what command must be given before double time?
- Port arms
- What is an element?
- any of the four substances, fire,water,air,earth
An individual squad, section, platoon or larger unit forming as part of the next higher unit
- what is a formation?
- the arrangement of a unit in a specific manner
- What is a line formation?
- A fomation in which key elements are side by side
- What is a column?
- A formation in which key elements are one behind the other
- what is a rank?
- A line that is only on element in depth
- What is a file?
- A column that has only one front
- what is a flank?
- the right/left side of an element
- what is alignment?
- the arrangements of several elements on the same line
- what is a base?
- the element on which a movement is planned or regulated
- What is cover?
- Alinging oneself directly behind the element in front of you
- What is Head?
- Slang for oral pleasure
leading element in a column
- what is depth?
- the space from front to rear of a formation
- what is the post?
- the place with a px, gym and popeyes....
the correct place for the officer, nco to stand
- What are the to formations for a squad?
- Line and Column
- When a unit is in a line formation the post is where?
- 3 steps and centered
- When a unit is in column formation, the post is where?
- 3 steps to the left and centered on element
- How should a squad leader carry his weapon when the squad drills?
- Sling arms
- Where does the squad leader stand in a platoon formation?
- at the 1 position`
- What is interval?
- the lateral space betwixt soldiers, measure left to right
- What types of intervals are there?
- Normal, close, double
- What commands are used to align a squad at close interval?
- At close interval, dress right, dress... and ready front
- What 2 commands are used to align a squad with the element in the front?
- Cover and recover
- What command changes a column formation to a line formation?
- Right, face
- What does dismissed mean?
- dismissed terminates the formation not the duty day
- What command is used when a platoon sergeant wants to get accountability from his platoon?
- What are the acceptable reports?
- All Present, the soldier who is absent and where that soldier be
- What is the movements of the ranks on "open Ranks March"
- front rank- 2 steps forward
second- one step forward
third- stand fast
fourth- one 15 inch step backward
- Counter column march moves the unit where? and on what foot?
- reverse, leftie
- Where does the guidon stand?
- 2 15 inch step to rear and left of the CO
- What pub is used for the guide-on?
- FM 3-21.5 appndx H
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