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Glossary of Disease Processes

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deficiency
A lack or defect.
degenerative
Pertaining to degeneration. Going from normal to a lower or more dysfunctional form.
developmental
Result of abnormality in the development of tissue, an organ, or body part.
essential
Disease of unknown cause.
familial
Occurring in more members of a family than would be expected by chance.
functional
Disturbance of function without evidence of a structural or chemical abnormality.
hereditary
Genetically transmitted from parent to offspring.
idiopathic
Of unknown cause.
infectious
Caused by an infection.
molecular
Caused by abnormality in the chemical structure or concentration of a single molecule.
neoplastic
Any new and abnormal growth. (Progressive, uncontrolled)
nutritional
Due to nutritional factors.
organic
Due to a demonstrable abnormality in a bodily structure.
traumatic
Resulting from injury. (Physical, chemical, or psychological)
acquired
Patient was not born with the disease.
acute
Illness w/a short, severe coarse.
asymptomatic
Having no symptoms. (Discovered during exams performed for a different reason.)
chronic
Persisting over a long period of time.
congenital
Present at birth.
disabling
Causes impairment of normal function.
end-stage
Progressively deteriorating condition which has reached a point of terminal functional impairment of affected system.
intermittent
Causes symptoms at intervals.
malignant
Becoming progressively worse causing death.
neonatal
Diseases affecting newborns.
paroxysmal
Sudden recurrence or intensification of symptoms.
progressive
Advancing, going forward; going from bad to worse.
recurrent
Reappears after it has apparently gone away.
relapsing
Recurrent.
remissive
Most or all symptoms have gone away.
sequela
Abnormality or disease which results from and continues after the original disease has gone away.
subacute
An illness which is neither acute nor chronic.
terminal
Expected to end in death.

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