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Glossary of Devlopmental Psych College network

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Erik Erikson
1902 to 1994
psychosocial
focuses more on non-sexual crises or turning points that occur throughout the entire lifespan.
Trust vs mistrust(erikson)
1st stage
0 to 18 months
Autonomy vs shame and doubt
2nd stage
18mon to 3yrs
Initiative vs Guilt
3rd stage
3 to 5 yrs
Industry vs inferiority
4th stage
6 to 12 yrs
Identity vs identity confusion
5th stage
12 to 18 yrs
Intimacy vs Isolation
6th satge
Early Adult
Generativity vs stagnation
7th stage
Middle adult
Integrity vs dispair
8th stage
older adult
Classical Conditioning (pavlov)
a reflex response to regularlly neutral stumli
John Watson
Father of behaviorism
opperant conditioning (skinner)
no reflexive behavior required People are reinforced by experiences they see that are pleasurable.
Assimilation (piaget)
taking in information as it is incorporating tha new knowledge into an exsisting schema
accommodation (piaget)
occurs when the information does not fit any exsisting schema or challenges an exsiting schema. a new schema must be modified or constructed
Sensorimotor (piaget)
1st stage
0 to 2 yrs
learning is trial and error reflex driven
Preoperational (piaget)
2nd stage
2 to 7 yrs
child devlops logic but is egocentric
Concrete operational (piaget)
3rd satge
7 to 12 yrs
logical resoning devlops but is based in the here and now
Formal operational (piaget)
4th stage
12 to 15 yrs
logic improves and can now solve abstract problems
Moral reasoning (kohlbergs)
refersto the way that people use cognitive process to solve problems
Preconventional (kohlbergs)
1st stage
morals deermined by external rewards
conventional (kohlbergs)
child internalizes values and morals but still reacts to exteranl rewards
Postconventional
morality becomes completly internilzed and you do what you think is right or wrong

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