Glossary of Developmental 2
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- what is the heretability of intelligence? of personality?
- .50 for both
- can effects of PKU be reversed?
what is heretibility of PKU? if parents both carry recessive trait what is the heretibility?
- yes with strict diet
- what is the likelihood of transmission of huntington's disorder?
- 4 types of chormosomal disorders are?
which one only affects males?
- name the 6 infant reflexes
- define the babinski, moro, & tonic reflexes
- -babinski- infant spreads toes
-moro- infant grabs for support
-tonic- extend arm when head turned
- what decrease the effects of stress during pregnancy?
- social supports for the mother
- what is the range of reaction?
- genotype/heredity sets the limits
- what did piaget mean by adaptation?
what are two aspects of it?
- -schema building
-assimilation -fit into preexisting schema
-accommodation -form new schema
- what are the 4 stages of piaget's cognitive development theory?
- what happens in each of piaget's cognitive stages?
- -sensorimotor- object permanence
-preoperational- egocentricism, magical thinking, & animism
-concrete operational- conservation
-formal operational- imaginary audience, idealistic, & personal fable
- vygotsky's important concept was..
- zone of proximal development
- Piaget's moral development theory 2 stages are:
- -heteronomous- strict adherence to the rules
-autonomous- flexible, rules can be altered if everyone agrees
- Kohlberg's 3 phases of moral development are:
- -preconventional- focus on physical rewards
-conventional- focus on social rewards
-postconventional- focus on self chosen principles
- who argued kohlberg's theory was sexist?
- carol gilligan
- how many cries do babies have?
- in early development how do all babies sound?
- alike, despite language parent speaks
- bowlby states attachment occurs due to what 2 things...
- biological preparation & proper environment
- when do the following begin and peak: separation anxiety, stranger anxiety
- -separation anxiety- 8months peaks @ 18months
-stranger anxiety- 6-8months peaks @ 18months
- anaclytic depression often occurs in...
- institionalized babies
- the 4 patterns of attachment are:
- avoidant, secure, resistant, disorganized
- which attachment pattern is best?
which attachment pattern is indicative of abuse?
- Baumrind stated which parenting style is best?
Baumrind stated which parenting style is associated w/delinquency?
- Thomas & Chess talked about goodness of fit between...
- parenting style and baby temperament
- what 4 factors are correlated w/delinquency?
- weak supervision, lack of parental rules, erratic discipline, impaired parent-child relationship
- who has more difficulties neglected or rejected kids?
- is adolescence a period of storm & stress?
- not necessarily
- marcia's 4 stages of identity are:
- diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, achievement
- aggressive kids tend to lack... and are best reated with...
-social skills training
- birth order has an the effect of ____ intelligence as # of children ____
- quality daycare...
- has no adverse impact
- divorce cause problems if...
how are boys are affected?
how are girls are affected?
what happens to parents during divorce?
what can reduce impact of divorce?
- -open parent conflict
-later on (sleeper effect)
-diminished ability to parent
-another adult present in home (buffering effect)
- maternal employment leads to...
- kids w/more egalitarian beliefs
- violent tv watching leads to...
- increased tolerance to aggression
- the classic aging pattern of intelligence is...
- CM,IN,AR,VC -no decline
DS,SM -small decline
BD,CD,PA,PC -large decline
- Kubler-Ross states the stages of death are: (DABDA)
- denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
- age most anxious about death...
- middle aged
- difference between critical and sensitive period...
- -critical occurs during limited time span but requires certain environmental factors to exist
-sensitive has an optimal time but can happen @ other times
- cocaine associated with what 3 features in babies?
- -environmental sensitivity
-low birth weight
- are the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) reversible or irreversible?
- what is the leading cause of MR in the US?
- how long does brain development continue?
- until adolescence
- in the 1st week of life, baby smiling is associated with?
- REM sleep
- baby 1st words are...
- objects of significance like nouns
mama or dada
- bilingual children do better on what type of tests?
- cognitive flexibility
- is it better to be in a biligual program or english only program?
- quality bilingual programs are just as good
- what are the 3 typical baby responses to prolonged separation?
- protest, despair, and initial detachment
- when do children conform the most?
- age 12-14
- when do kids first lie?
- age 3-4
to avoid punishment/ embarassment
- Kochanska states a conscience develops based upon...
- a child's temperament
- when do boys grow to be faster and stronger than girls?
- who has the worst outcomes as a result of development?
- early blooming girls,
late blooming boys
- do child fears remain the same?
when do they decrease?
- no they vary w/development
> age 5
- patterson's coercive family interaction model states...
- kids learn to be aggressive by imitation
- which age is at the highest risk for not following treatment regimen?
- 3 most common drug uses in teens are:
- alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana
- aging affects ___ or ___ but doesn't affect ___ or ___
- PIQ or fluid intelligence -
VIQ or crystallized intelligence
- aging causes decrease in which 2 types of memory?
- episodic, metamemory
- When is Female Orgasmic Disorder most common?
- younger women
- children begin to label themselves ethnically at what age?
- 5-9 years old
- are premature babies different from their peers?
- no... with a supportive environment & appropriate medical attention premature infants without significant abnormalities often catch up with their peers
- what is recall like in infants?
- -immediate recall by 11 months
-delayed recall by 13 months
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