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Glossary of Dental Terminology Word Elements

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a-
without, away from
ab-
away from, absent, negative
ad-
toward, in the direction of
ambi-
both, both sides
an-
without
ante-
before, forward
anti-
against, counteracting
auto-
self
bi-
two, twice
bio-
life
brachy-
short
brady-
slow
bucca-
cheek, buccal
cent-
hundred
circum-
around
co-, com-
together
con-
with
contra-
against, opposed
cut/o-
skin
de-
from, lack
demi-
half
dent-
tooth, teeth
derma-
skin
di-
twice, double
dia-
complete, through
dipl/o-
double
dis-
negative, absence of
dors-
back
dys-
pain, difficulty
e-
out of, from
ec-
out, out from
ecto-
external, outside
edem-
swelling
end/o-
within, inside
epi-
over, upper
ex-
outside, away from
exo-
out
extra-
beyond, outside
faci-
face
fore-
in front of, before
gene-
origin, start
gyne-
woman
hem-
blood
hemi-
half
hydra-
water
hyper-
above, excessive, more than
hypo-
low, deficient, less than
in-
not, into
infra-
beneath, under, below
inter-
between, among
intra-
within, inside
leuco-
white
macro-
large
mal-
bad
med-
middle
mega-
large, grand
mes-
mes/o-
middle
micro-
small
mid-
middle
mono-
one, single
multi-
many
myxa-
mucus, slime
neo-
new
non-
no, not
ob-
against
ortho-
straight
os-
bone, mouth
pan-
all
para-
beside, abnormal
per-
through
peri-
around
poly-
many
post-
behind, after
pre-
before, in front of
primi-
first
pro-
forward
pseudo-
false
re-
back, again
retro-
after, behind, back of
semi-
half, partial
sub-
under, less
super-
over, above
supra-
above, excessive
sym-
with, together
syn-
together, union
tachy-
fast, rapid
trans-
across, through
tri-
three
ultra-
excess, beyond
un-
not
uni-
one
vaso-
vessel
ventro-
body front
xanth-
yellow
-ac
pertaining to, relating to
-al
pertaining to, relating to
-algesia
suffering, pain
-algia
pertaining to pain
-ar
pertaining to
-ase
enzyme
-cele
swelling, hernia
-cente
puncture
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-cide
kill
-cise
cut
-coccus
round, spherical bacteria
-crine
secrete
-cyte
cell
-dema
swelling
-desis
surgical fixation
-dynia
pain
-ectasis
dilation
-ectomy
surgical removal of
-ectopy
displacement
-emesis
vomiting
-emia
blood condition
-esthesia
sensation
-ferous
producing
-form
shape, resembling
-fuge
driving away, pushing
-genic
originated
-gram
picture, record
-graph
picture, record
-graphy
recording a picture or record
-ia
pertaining to
-iasis
in the presence of, abn. condition
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
-id
condition
-ile
pertaining to
-ion
state, condition
-itis
inflammation
-ism
state of, condition
-ium
small, little
-ize
take away, remove
-lith
stone
-logist
specialist
-logy
study of
-lysis
destruction
-malacia
abnormal softening
-megaly
large, enlargement
-necrosis
death of tissue
-oid
resembling
-ology
study of
-oma
tumor
-orrhage
burst forth, hemorrhage
-orrhaphy
suture
-orrhea
flow
-osis
condition of
-ostomy
create a surgical opening
-otomy
cutting into
-ous
pertaining to
-para
bring forth
-parous
giving birth, bearing
-pathy
disease
-penia
few
-pexy
fixation
-phage
ingest, swallow
-phasia
speech, speak
-phobia
fear
-plakia
plate, thin flat layer
-plasty
surgical repair
-plegia
paralysis
-pnea
breathing
-ptosis
drooping, prolapse
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhage
abnormal flow, excessive flow
-rrhaphy
stitch, suture
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-sarcoma
turmor, cancer
-scopy
scan, visual exam
-sis
state of
-spasm
involuntary muscle twitching
-stalsis
constriction, contraction
-stasis
constant level
-stenosis
stricture, abnormal narrowing
-tic
pertaining to
-tome
cutting instrument
-trophy
nourishment, growth
-tropia
turn
-um
pertaining to
-uria
urine, urination
-y
act, result of an act
abdomin/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal gland
angi/o
vessel
ankyl/o
looped, crooked, stationary
anter/o
before, in front of
apic/o
apex, narrowed or pointed end/part
arteri/o
artery
arthr/o
joint
audi/o
sound
aut/o
self
bifid/o
split, cleft in two parts
blepharo
eyelid
brachi/o
arm
bronch/o
bronchial tubes
brux/o
gland, chew
bucc/o
cheek
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
cari/o
decay, rot
caud/o
tail
cement/o
cementum
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cervic/o
neck
cheil/o
lip
chol/e
gall, bile
cholecyst
gallbladder
chondr/o
cartilage
cocc/i, cocc/o
round, spherical bacteria
col/o
colon, large intestine
coll/i
neck
coron/o
crown
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
cutane/o
skin
cyst/o
fluid-filled sac, bag, bladder
cyt/o
cell
dacry/o
tear duct
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
decidu
falling off, shed
dent/i, dent/o
tooth
derm/o
skin
dextr/o
right
dipl/o
double
duct/o
lead, carry
duoden/o
duodenum
edemat/o
swelling
edentul/o
toothless
electr/o
electric
emet/o
vomit
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestine
erythr/o
red
esophag/o
esophagus
esthesi/o
feeling
excis/o
cutting out
faci/o
facial
fasci/o
fibrous, band
fiss/o
crack
flu/o
flow
foramin/o
opening
foss/o
shallow depression
freno
connecting band
gangli/o
nerve plexus, interwoven nerves

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