Glossary of Critical Thinking
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- temperature scale with a freezing point of 32 degrees and a boiling point of 212 degrees
"Paper catches fire at 451 degrees Fahrenheit."
- the part of the mind below the level of consciousness
"My urge to kick the dog was a subconscious one; it surprised me as much as it did the dog."
- sadness or depression of spirits; gloom
"An air of melancholy spread through the forest after the elf died."
- utilization of another person or group for selfish purposes
"Prison labor is an example of state-sponsored exploitation."
- to spread through with color, liquid, or light
"The morning sky suffused with deep colors."
- to settle down or become less; to be calmed
"I let my anger subside before I tried to talk with him. I didn't want to lose control."
- capable of knowing without reasoning or deduction
"I had an intuitive sense that the aliens were right around the corner."
- destined to die
"Some have searched for a fountain of youth to escape their mortal fate."
- plainly demonstrated, revealed, made evident
"His plans manifested in the death of his enemy."
- one that is made to bear the blame for others
"Jews were used as the scapegoat during the Holocaust."
- status quo
- the state of staying the same
"I like the status quo; it's something that requires no adaptation."
- marked by utter benignity; resembling or befitting an angel or saint
"Dressed in robes of white and seated upon the throne, the King looked very beatific."
- balanced, rhythmic flow, as of poetry or oratory
"The rhythmic cadence of her speech was hypnotizing."
- the state of being certain, greater certainty than circumstances warrant
"I felt with utter certitude that I would be assigned homework that day."
- a vast infertile land, covered with heath and peat bogs
"During our journey through the moor, I fell into many bogs."
- to cover by scattering
"The battleground was strewn with dead bodies."
- a deliberate misspelling and mispronunciation of the word 'verbiage' that assimilates it to the word 'garbage'
"Her essay was verbage. It was over-wordy but contained no meaning."
- to wallow or roll about, as in mud or high seas
"The pigs weltered lazily in the mud."
- ornamental work made from gold, silver, or other fine twisted wire
"He gave me a gold filigree ring for my birthday."
- treacherous, spreading harmfully in a subtle manner
"The poison spread through his body like an insidious disease. When he learnt of its presence, it was too late."
- having total control
"Communist countries are said to be totalitarian."
- weariness, lethargy, languor
"I began the day with vigor, but by the end, I was filled with great lassitude."
- believing two contradictory ideas at the same time
"Believing that 2+2=4 and also believing that 2+2 is not equal to 4 is an example of doublethink."
- relating to the works of George Orwell, especially 1984, a book about a totalitarian state.
"Some new aspects of the anti-terrorism bill have an Orwellian creepiness to them."
"Because he spoke many archaic words, we could not understand him."
- belief contrary to the popular opinion
"People were burned at the stake for heresy in Salem, Massachusetts."
"Peasants during the Middle Ages were servile. They worked hard and received little in return."
- a job that requires little or no work
"The president's job is not a sinecure because it requires a lot of responsible decision-making."
- lowering in rank, character, or status
"The degradation of army discipline can be seen from the prison abuses in Iraq."
- policeman's club or a baton
"The murder weapon was a truncheon, so the police officer was immediately a suspect."
- dull, spiritless, boring
"The lecture was vapid and I soon fell asleep."
- hasty, without attention to details
"The bad teacher gave the essay a cursory glance and assigned it a grade without reading it."
- denunciation, bitter verbal attack
"The president unleashed a bitter diatribe against his opponent during the presidential debate."
- produce, cause, bring into being
"His insulting words engendered a fight."
- lasting only a short time
"The effects of the pain killer were ephemeral. They wore off quickly."
"The dearth of food during the winter caused many people to starve."
- one that lives solely for pleasure
"The hedonist was happiest in the late hours, when the parties degenerated into debauchery."
"Students are always carping about how much homework they have."
- secret hiding place, something hidden in a secret hiding place
"I kept my money hidden in a secret cache under my bed."
- leniency, mercy
"Presidents and governors often show clemency to those on death row when their term is about to end."
- a confused and complicated situation
"Arthur found himself in an imbroglio when several women claimed he was the father of their children."
- to move like a wave
"The wheat undulated like an ocean of yellow."
"There was a paucity of participation in the class."
- moderate in eating or drinking, abstaining
"He was abstemious with his food supply when he got stranded on a deserted island."
- a small bag of perfumed herbs or powder
"She made a scented sachet and put it into her car to make the car smell better."
"The candor of his speech made us realize that he didn't beat around the bush."
"Her teacher praised her for her assiduous work."
- bright red
"The sun glowed in a vermilion color."
- wasting away
"He needed physical therapy to prevent the atrophy of his unused legs."
- lack of color
"I could see the pallor of her face when she found out that she failed her test."
- prudent, cautious
"She was always circumspect when crossing the street."
- to ease or lessen pain or distress
"He told her soothing words to assuage her pain."
"The moisture from the cataract produced a rainbow."
- emotional warmth or eagerness
"Their ardour was clear as they wrapped their arms around each other and kissed."
- an increase in rank, wealth or power
"Most governments are dedicated to self-aggrandizement."
- not soothed, appeased or pacified
"She remained unmollified when he bought her a new dog to replace the one he had killed."
- to intimidate
"The boy was cowed by the bully into giving him all of his money."
- thoughtful of the welfare of others
"The altruistic girl shared her Christmas dinner with the poor."
- concern, care
"He showed great solicitude when he donated all of his money to the poor."
- perky, easy in manner
"Many people do not think Kerry has a jaunty smile."
- to conflict with
"The time of his baceball practice contravenes his basketball practice."
"A tornado is a like a vortex in the air."
- a type of bean
"Haricot is the name of a type of bean i like to eat."
- being without usual, typical, or expected attribute or accompaniment
"Paul was finally devoid of any hope."
- a wistful or excessively sentimental yearning for return to or of some past period or irrecoverable condition
"I have a deep sense of nostagia about my high school years."
- insatiable hunger
"the monster's voracity was legendary. It ate 16 pigs a day."
- the condition of being disenchanted
"with each new death, Paul became more and more disillusioned."
- something that serves as or establishes a pattern
"world war 1 set forth a template for the way violence would erupt in our century."
- exiled, excluded
"young men during world war 1 often joined the army for fear of being ostracized."
- completely ineffective
"he died in a futile attempt to win the war."
- the curve that a body in motion describes in space
"the soldiers found themselves helpless under a crisscross of shell trajectories."
- decayed soil
"he found himself alone in the marsh lying on a bed of peat, surrounded by reeds."
- a systematic body of concepts especially about human life or culture
"the soldier's longing for home was stronger than any war ideology."
- frustration, embarrassment
"his plan to show up at the prom in an elephant suit was bound to end in discomfiture."
- a line of people
"i waited in a queue for 2 hours to ride Splash Mountain."
"the lorry trundled down the road."
- decay of tissue as a result of injury
"they had to remove his toes when they found gangrene under his toenails."
- moves on wheels
"the lorry trundled down the road."
"in his new robotic legs, the soldier would be indefatigable; he could walk for days."
"they finally found themselves in concord regarding their homework-they both hated it."
"journalists must write pithily."
- bitter, stinging
"he disliked the acrid scent of smoke."
- sickly, yellowish complexion
"the sallow youth must have been sick because nobody could look that yellow and still be healthy."
"the indigent farmer didn't have enough money to buy seeds for the next year's planting."
- large hunting dog
- delusions of grandeur
- course food for cattle, sheep, etc
- deviation from the right path, a mental disorder
- a small amount
- indulgence in sexual pleasure
- to give in by keeping quiet
- imaginary, absurd, wildly fanciful
- see clearly, percieve
- to make a mistake
- value highly
- move aimlessly
- think, reflect
- beset, haunt
- make amends for
- restore, save
- pull away
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