Glossary of Creative Writing
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- description of an art in poetry Ex. Eavan Boland's "The Photograph on My Father's Desk
- Acrostic Poem
- Poem, usually with no rhyme or meter that uses the first letter of every line to spell out something. Ex. Nancy Weaver
Are better busied
Slinging bats and stealing bases;
Even measuring odds,
Angles and trajectory and ...
Losers, unknown to composers of
- shows the counting that remains constant in a line of feet
- foot that is a louder syllable followed by a softer Ex. HAPPy
- foot that is a softer syllable followed by a louder one. Ex. desPAIR
- type of foot that has two softer syllables followed by a ouder one: in the HOUSE
- short, pithy, witty and conclusive poem
- Reference to history, a literary work, ideas, or myth. Ex. William Blake's "A Sick Rose" alludes to Shakespeare's line "Lilies that fester smell far worse than weeds"
- Long narrative poem, often in blank verse, and used to be historical records Ex. Homer's "Iliad"
- Repeating beginning consonant sounds of words. Ex. Frost's "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"
"He gives His Harness bells a shake"
- English/Shakespearean/Elizabethan Sonnet
- 14 lines of iambic pentameter
- Terza rima
- repeating 3 line stanza in a "weaving" pattern
- the repeated pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in a poem and / or line.
- lines that repeat in tercet rhyme. last line is quatrain
abc Ex. Do not Go Gentle into
cde that Good Night
afg Edward Thomas
- End-stopped line
- When the sense pauses or stops at the end of the line. Ex. Milton-"Brought death into the world, and all our woe..."
- Repetition of Vowel sounds
Ex.Keats "Ode to a Nightengale": But, in embalmed darkness, guess EACH SWEET"
- reversed foot
- a foot in a line that is backwards than the other feet in the line/poem.
/~ ~/ ~/ ~/
- A pause within a line
Ex. Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit.
Milton, paradise lost
- a descriptive word that sounds like the think it describes Ex. boom, swish
- same consonance sounds found anywhere in the word.
- Italian/Petrarchian Sonnet
- 14 lines iambic pentameter
cdecde (or so)
- Concrete Poetry
- A poem that is visually pleasureable as well as auditorily pleasurable. What the poem looks like is connected to the meaning of the poem.
- complex, unlikely metaphor that still makes sense.
Ex. Donne's The Flea
- when the sense runs over the end of a line. Ex. Milton "With loss of Eden, till one greater Man/Restore us
- two lines that rhyme or 2 line stanzas
- Prose Poem
- poems written in paragraphs. Shares most of the qualities of poetry (images, metaphores), with no real action or plot
- Blank Verse
- iambic pentameter without rhyme
Ex. Spencer's The Faery Queen
- comparison using like or as
- Narrative poem in quatrains, usually rhymes:
Ex. Sir Patrick Spens
The king has written a braid letter,
And signd it wi his hand, 10
And sent it to Sir Patrick Spence
Was walking on the sand.
- Spenserian Sonnet
- 14 lines iambic pentameter
- a foot that has a louder syllable followed by two softer ones Ex. CHANGEable
- Syllabic verse
- poem whose lines are based on different syllable length (ex. haiku) Ex. Marian Moore's "The Monkeys"
- Dramatic Monologue
- long poem usually in blank verse and is from the perspective of one particular character Ex. Robert Browning "My Last Dutchess"
- a foot of two equally heavy accents
- choice and use of words in speech or writing
- count of syllables that usually com e in pairs, and one is louder than the other
- short, imagistic poem
- an approximate recurrence or repetition in the pacing of sound
- Japanese created syllabic poem that goes in syllable lines of 5/7/5
- end words repeat in a different order for every stanza. 6 line stanzas/ change order 6 X
- comparison without using like or as
- rhyme scheme
- the repeated order of rhyming words
- Narrative poem
- poem, usually long, that tells a story.
- Stanza of four lines
aaaa, abab, abca, aabb, abba, and so on
- person, place, object, or event that comes to standfor something other than what it is, usually something more than it is, and for a class of events or relationships.
- 3 line stanza
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