Glossary of Conditional Sentences, Latin
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- Si + indicative (any tense) ..., ...indicative
- Simple conditional
=>If you do this, I do that
- Si illud iterum feceris, te puniam.
- If you do that again, I will punish you.
- Si + future perfect indicative..., ... future indicative
- Future Conditionals (Future more vivid)
=>If you this happens, this will happen.
- Si in urbe manebit, in periculo erit.
- If he stays in the city, he will be in danger.
(Future more vivid Conditional)
- Si + present subjunctive, present subjunctive
- Future Conditional (Future less Vivid)
=>If I were to..., I would...
- Si hanc medicinam bibas, statime convalescas.
- I you were to drink this medicine, you would get better at once.
(Future less vivid conditional)
- Si + imperfect subjunctive...,... imperfect subjunctive
- Present contrary-to-fact Conditional
=>If I were to... I would
- Si Romae nunc habitarem, clientes me assidue vexarent.
- If I were living in Rome now, my clients would be continually pestering me.
(Present Contrary-to-Fact conditional)
- Si + Pluperfect Subjunctive ...,... pluperfect subjunctive
- Past Contrary-to-fact
=>If you had... you would have...
- Magister, nisi nimis vini bibisset, in flumen non cecidisset.
- If the teacher had not drunk too much wine, he would not have fallen into the river
(Past Contrary-to-Fact conditional)
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