## Glossary of Comparative Vert. Anatomy Cat Muscles

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- What is the origin of the external intercostal?
- rib

- What is the origin of the external oblique?
- lumbodorsal fascia and ribs

- What is the origin of the internal intercostal?
- rib

- What is the origin of the interbal oblique?
- pelvis and lumbodorsal fascia

- What is the origin of the rectus abdominus?
- pubic symphysis

- What is the insertion of the external intercostal?
- rib

- What is the insertion of the external oblique?
- linea alba

- What is the insertion of the internal intercostal?
- rib

- What is the insertion of the internal oblique
- linea alba

- What is the insertion of the rectus abdominus?
- sternum and costal cartilages

- What is the function of the external intercostal?
- draws ribs craniad

- What is the function of the external oblique?
- compresses adbominal visera

- What is the function of the internal intercostal?
- draws rivbs caudad

- What is the function of the internal oblique?
- compresses abdominal viscera

- What is the function of the rectus abdominus?
- flexes trunk & compresses abdominal viscera

- What is the origin of the transversus?
- illium, lumbar vertebrae, & posteriot ribs

- What is the origin of the clavobrachialis?
- clavicle

- What is the origin of the pectoantebrachialis?
- manubrium

- What is the origin of the pectoralis major?
- cranial sternebrae

- What is the origin of the pectoralis minor?
- caudal sternebrae

- What is the insertion of the transversus?
- linea alba

- What is the insertion of the clavobrachialis?
- ulna

- What is the insertion of the pectoantebrachialis?
- fascia of forelimb near elbow

- What is the insertion of the pectoralis major?
- proximal half of humerus

- What is the insertion of the pectoralis minor?
- proximal half of humerus

- What is the function of the transversus?
- compresses abdominal visera

- What is the function of the clavobrachialis?
- draws humerus craniad

- What is the function of the pectoantebrachialis?
- adducts and rotates forelimb

- What is the function of the pectoralis major?
- adducts and rotates forelimb

- What is the function of the pectoralis minor?
- adducts and rotates forelimb

- What is the origin of the xiphihumeralis?
- xiphoid process

- What is the origin of the cleidomastoid?
- clavicle

- What is the origin of the digastric?
- mastoid and jugular processes

- What is the origin of the geniohyoid?
- mandible

- What is the origin of the hyoglossus?
- hyoid

- What is the insertion of the xiphihumeralis?
- proximal half of the humerus

- What is the insertion of the cleidomastoid?
- mastoid process

- What is the insertion of the digastric?
- mandible

- What is the insertion of the geniohyoid?
- hyoid

- What is the insertion of the hyoglossus?
- tongue

- What is the function of the xiphihumeralis?
- adducts and rotates forelimb

- What is the function of the cleidomastoid?
- rotates head

- What is the function of the digastric?
- depresses lower jaw

- What is the function of the geniohyoid?
- draws hyoid craniad

- What is the function of the hyoglossus?
- retracts the tongue

- What is the origin of the mylohyoid?
- mandible

- What is the origin of the sternohyoid?
- manubrium

- What is the origin of the sternomastoid?
- manubrium

- What is the origin of the sternothyroid?
- manubrium of sternum

- What is the origin of the thyrohyoid?
- thyroid cartilage

- What is the insertion of the mylohyoid?
- median raphe

- What is the insertion of the sternohyoid?
- hyoid

- What is the insertion of the sternomastoid?
- mastoid process

- What is the insertion of the sternothyroid?
- thyroid cartilage

- What is the insertion of the thyrohyoid?
- hyoid

- What is the function of the mylohyoid?
- elevates floor of mouth

- What is the function of the sternohyoid?
- draws hyoid caudad

- What is the function of the sternomastoid?
- rotates head

- What is the function of the sternothyroid?
- draws larynx caudad

- What is the function of the thyrohyoid?
- draws larynx craniad

- What is the origin of the masseter?
- zygomatic arch

- What is the function of the masseter?
- elevates lower jaw

- What is the insertion of the masseter?
- mandible

- What is the origin of the temporalis?
- zygomatic process of the frontal bone

- What is the insertion of the temporalis?
- coronoid process of the mandible

- What is the functiono of the temporalis?
- elevates lower jaw

- What is the origin of the acromiodeltoid?
- acromion process of the scapula

- What is the origin of the acromiotrapezius?
- neural spines of cervical & 1st thoracic verts

- What is the origin of the clavotrapezius?
- nuchal line of skill & dorsal midline of neck

- What is the origin of the infraspinatus?
- infrapinatus fossa of scapula

- What is the origin of the latissimus dorsi?
- lumbodorsal fascia & neural spines of the last thoracic & lumbar vertebrae

- What is the insertion of the acromiodeltoid?
- humerus

- What is the insertion of the acromiotrapezius?
- metacromion process & spine of scapula

- What is the insertion of the clavotrapezius?
- clavicle

- What is the insertion of the infraspinatus?
- greater tuberosity of humerus

- What is the insertion of the latissimus dorsi?
- medial surface of humerus

- What is the function of the acromiodeltoid?
- flexes and rotates humerus

- What is the function of the acromiotrapezius?
- draws scapula dorsally and medially

- What is the function of the clavotrapezius?
- draws humerus craniad

- What is the function of the infraspinatus?
- rotates the humerus

- What is the function of the latissimus dorsi?
- elevates the arm and draws it caudad

- What is the origin of the levator scapulae ventralis?
- occipital bone & transverse process of atlas

- What is the origin of the rhomboideus?
- neural spines of thoracic vertebrae

- What is the origin of the rhomboideus capitis?
- nuchal line

- What is the origin of the spinodeltoid?
- spine of scapula

- What is the origin of the spinotrapezius?
- neural spines of thoracic vertebrae

- What is the insertion of the levator scapulae ventralis?
- metacromion process

- What is the insertion of the rhomboideus?
- ventral border of scapula

- What is the insertion of the rhomboideus capitis?
- angle of scapula

- What is the insertion of the spinodeltoid?
- deltoid ridge of the humerus

- What is the insertion of the spinotrapezius?
- fascia around scapula

- What is the function of the levator scapulae ventralis?
- draws scapula craniad

- What is the function of the rhomboideus?
- draws scapula dorsally

- What is the function of the rhomboideus capitis?
- draws scapula craniad

- What is the function of the spinodeltoid?
- elevates and rotates the humerus

- What is the function of the spinotrapezius?
- draws scapula dorsally and caudad

- What is the origin of the splenius?
- mid-dorsal facia of the neck

- What is the origin supraspinatus?
- supraspinous fossa

- What is the insertion of the splenius?
- nuchal line

- What is the insertion of the supraspinatus?
- greater tuberosity of humerus

- What is the function of the splenius?
- turns and elevates head

- What is the function of the supraspinatus?
- extends humerus

- What is the origin of the scalenus?
- ribs

- What is the origin of the serratus ventralis?
- first 10 ribs

- What is the origin of the subscapularis?
- subscapular fossa

- What is the insertion of the scalenus?
- cervical vertebrae

- What is the insertion of the serratus ventralis?
- ventral border of scapula

- What is the insertion of the subscapularis?
- lesser tuberosity of humerus

- What is the function of the scalenus?
- flexes neck, draw ribs craniad

- What is the function of the serratus ventralis?
- draws scapula ventrally and craniad

- What is the function of the subscapularis?
- draws humerus medially

- What is the origin of the teres major?
- axillary border of scapula

- What is the origin of the transversus costarum?
- sternum

- What is the insertion of the teres major?
- medial surface of humerus

- What is the insertion of the transversus costarum?
- first rib

- What is the function of the teres major?
- draws humerus medially

- What is the function of the transversus costarum?
- draws sternum craniad

- What is the origin of the biceps brachii?
- glenoid fossa

- What is the origin of the brachialis?
- humerus

- What is the origin of the epitrochearis?
- latissimus dorsi

- What is the insertion of teh biceps brachii?
- tuberosity of radius

- What is the insertion of the brachialis?
- below semilunar notch of ulna

- What is the insertion of the epitrochlearis?
- olecranon process of ulna

- What is the function of the biceps brachii?
- flexes forearm

- What is the function of the brachialis?
- flexes forarm

- What is the function of the epitrochlearis?
- rotates ulna

- What is the origin of the gluteus medius?
- iliac crest, sacral, and first caudal vertebrae

- What is the origin of the tensor fascia lata?
- ilium

- What is the insertion of the gluteus medius?
- greater trochanter of femur

- What is the insertion of the tensor fascia lata?
- fascia lata

- What is the function of the gluteus medius?
- abducts thigh

- What is the function of the tensor fascia lata?
- extends the fascia lata

- What is the origin of the adductor femoris?
- pubic symphysis

- What is the origin of the adductor longus?
- pubis symphysis

- What is the origin of the gracilis?
- pubic symphysis

- What is the insertion of the adductor femoris?
- femur

- What is the insertion of the adductor longus?
- femur

- What is the insertion of the gracilis?
- fascia of lower thigh

- What is the function of the adductor femoris?
- adducts thigh

- What is the function of the adductor longus?
- adducts thigh

- What is the function of the gracilis?
- adducts thigh

- What is the origin of the rectus femoris?
- ilium

- What is the origin of the sartorius?
- iliac crest

- What is the origin of the semimembranosus?
- ischium

- What is the origin of the semitenainosus?
- ischium

- What is the origin of the vastus intermedius?
- femur

- What is the insertion of the rectus femoris?
- patella

- What is the insertion of the sartorius?
- patella and proximal tibia

- What is the insertion of the semimembranosus?
- medial epicondyle of femur & proximal tibia

- What is the insertion of the semitenainosus?
- tibia

- What is the insertion of the vastus intermedius?
- patella

- What is the function of the rectus femoris?
- extends lower leg

- What is the function of the sartorius?
- adducts and rotates thigh

- What is the function of the semimembranosus?
- extends thigh

- What is the function of the semitenainosus?
- flexes lower leg

- What is the function of the vastus intermedius?
- extends lower leg

- What is the origin of the vastus lateralis?
- femur

- What is the origin of the vastus medialis?
- femur

- What is the origin of the gastrocnemius?
- femur

- What is the insertion of the vastus lateralis?
- patella

- What is the insertion of the vastus medialis?
- patella

- What is the insertion of the gastrocnemius?
- calcaneum

- What is the function of the vastus lateralis?
- extends lower leg

- What is the function of the vastus medialis?
- extends lower leg

- What is the function of the gastrocnemius?
- extends foot