Glossary of Column 1 World History Terms 10H
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- Henry IV of France
- French protestant "Huguenot" but became Catholic after inheriting the throne.
His goal was for everyone to have food.
Reduced the influence of nobles.
Paved the road to royal absolutism
- Elected Assembly set up by Czar Alexander II.
Responsible for road repair, schools, and agriculture.
A local, self-goverment.
- Frederick the Great
- King of Prussia 1740-1789.
Had the duty to work for the common good.
Forced peasants to grow crops.
Tolerated all religions.
Reorganized civil service, simplified laws.
Made the monarchy stronger.
- Da Vinci
- born in 1452.
Painted the Mona Lisa, The last Supper.
Was also interested in botany, anatomy, optics, music, etc.
- Cabinet System
- Evolved in the 1700s w/ King George who depended on Parliament since he did not speak English.
A small group of parliamentary advisers.
Made of leaders in the House of Commons
Headed by the Prime Minister
- Christopher Columbus
- Italian that sailed 1492 w/ the help of Spain.
Goal was to find a way to the Indies by sailing west but instead landed in the Carribean.
Both Spain and Portugal claimed the land.
Sparked the Columbian exchange.
- Native American/European Descent. Lived in the Spanish colonies in the Americas
- Napoleonic Code
- Consolidated many challenges of the French Rev. Ex: All men are equal before the law
- Tokugawa Ieyasu became shogun of Japan in 1603. The Tokugawa shogunate ruled for more than 250 yrs.
- Believed that people are naturally good and had the right to life, liberty, and property. Wrote the "Two Treasties of Gov." Said if the gov. violates its people's rights, they are obligated to overthrow it. The best gov. has limited power and accepted by all citizens.
- George III.
- Goal was to get power back to the crown. Put all of his friends into Parliament. After the Seven Yrs War, he told his colonies that they must pay for their defense which sparked the American Rev.
- Muhammad Ali
- "Father of Modern Egypt" Improved tax collection, reorganized land holding system, etc. Increased their world trade and built a well trained army. Conquered Arabia, Syria, and Sudan. Died in 1849
- Peter the Great
- Came to throne 1689 in Russia. In 1697 he travled all over Europe to study Western Tech. and tried to westernize Russia. Became autocratic to force people to change their ways of life. Revived serfdom and forced boyars to serve civilian or military jobs. 1700-1709 Fought Sweden to get land along the Black Sea and built St. Petersburg.
- Richard Arkwright
- British inventor that invented the waterframe that used water power to speed up spinning during the British Industrial Rev.
- Cardinal Armand Richelieu
- Chief Minister of Louis XIII of France from 1624-1642. Wanted to crush Huguenots and nobles since they didn't listen to the crown. Smashed Huguenots cities and outlawed their armies, but still allowed them to practice thier religion. Defeated the nobles' private armies.
- Hapsburg province seized by Frederick II of Prussia in 1740. Maria Theresa fought the War of Austrian Sucession to get it back but unable to.
- The Wealth of Nations
- Written by Adam Smith, said that a free market should be allowed to regulate business activity (invisble hand). Showed how economic growth was linked to supply and demand.
- William and Mary
- Mary was the Protestant daughter of James II of England. 1688 they were invited to rule by the Parliament. Came w/ the army in late 1688 and James II fled, which was called the Glorious Rev. since there was no bloodshed.
- created 1830s by Prussia. It was an economic union that dismantled tariff barriers between German states.
- Dutch, occupied the Cape Colony in South Africa. they resented the British anti-slavery laws. In the 1830s, they migrated on the "Great Trek" north and fough w/ the Zulus, the Boers won.
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