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Glossary of Cohen Med Term- Final

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a-
without, not, lack of, absence
ab-
away from
abdomino/o
abdomen
-ac
pertaining to
acous, acus
sound, hearing
acro-
extremity, end
ad-
toward, near
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
adren/o
adrenal gland, epinephrine
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
adrenocortic/o
adrenal cortex
aer/o
air, gas
alg/o, algi/o, algesi/o
pain
-algesia
pain
-algia
pain
ambly-
dim
amnio
amnion
amyl/o
starch
an-
not, without, lack of, absence
andr/o
male
angi/o
vessel
an/o
anus
ante-
before
anti-
against
aort/o
aorta
-ar
pertaining to
arter/o, arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole
arthr/o
joint
-ary
pertaining to
-ase
enzyme
atel/o
incomplete
atlant/o
atlas
atri/o
atrium
audi/o
hearing
auto-
self
azo, azot/o
nitrogenous compounds
bacill/i, bacill/o
bacillus
bacteri/o
bacterium
balan/o
glans penis
bar/o
pressure
bi-
two, twice
bili
bile
blast/o, -blast
immature cell, productive cell, embryonic cell
blephar/o
eyelid
brachi/o
arm
brachy-
short
dacry/o
tear, lacrimal apparatus
dacryocyst/o
lacrimal sac
dactyl/o
finger, toe
de-
down, without, removal, loss
dent/o, dent/i
tooth, teeth
derm/o, dermat/o
skin
-desis
binding, fusion
dextr/o
right
di-
two, twice
dia-
through
dilation, dilatation
expansion, widening
dipl/o-
double
dis-
absence, removal, separation
duoden/o
duodenum
dys-
abnormal, painful, difficult
ec-
out, outside
ectasia, ectasis
dilation, dilatation, distension
ecto-
out, outside
-ectomy
excision, surgical removal
edema
accumulation of fluid, swelling
electr/o
electricity
embry/o
embryo
emesis
vomiting
-emia
condition of the blood
encephal/o
brain
end/o-
in, within
endocrin/o
endocrine
enter/o
intestine
epi-
on, over
epididym/o
epididymis
episi/o
vulva
equi-
equal, same
erg/o
work
erythr/o-
red, red blood cell
erythrocyt/o
red blood cell
esophag/o
esophagus
-esthesia, -esthei/o
sensation
eu-
true, good, easy, normal
ex/o-
away from, outside
extra-
outside
fasci/o
fascia
fer
to carry
ferr/i, ferr/o
iron
fet/o
fetus
fibr/o
fiber
-form
like, resembling
galact/o
milk
gangli/o, ganglion/o
ganglion
gastr/o
stomach
gen, genesis
origin, formation
ger/e, ger/o
old age
-geusia
sense of taste
gingiv/o
gumm, gingiva
gli/o
neuroglia
glomerul/o
glomerulus
gloss/o
tongue
gluc/o
glucose
glyc/o
sugar, glucose
gnath/o
jaw
goni/o
angle
-gram
record of data
-graph
instrument for recording data
-graphy
act of recording data
gravida
pregnant woman
gyn/o, gynec/o
woman
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hemi-
half, one side
-hemia
condition of blood
hepat/o
liver
hetero-
other, different, unequal
hidr/o
sweat, perspiration
hist/o, histi/o
tissue
homo-, homeo-
same, unchanging
hydr/o
water, fluid
hyper-
over, excess, increased, abnormally high
hypn/o
sleep
hypo-
under, below, decreased, abnormally low
hypophys
pituitary, hypophysis
hyster/o
uterus
-ia
condition of
-ian
specialist
-ia/sis
condition of
-iatrics
medical specialty
-iatr/o
physician
-iatry
medical specialty
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
-ics
medical specialty
-ile
pertaining to
ile/o
ileum
ili/o
ilium
im-
not
immun/o
immunity, immune system
in-
not
infra-
below
in/o
fiber, muscle fiber
insul/o
pancreatic islets
inter-
between
intra-
in, within
ir, irit/o, irid/o
iris
-ism
condition of
iso-
equal, same
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
jejun/o
jejunum
juxta-
near, beside
kali
potassium
kary/o
nucleus
kerat/o
cornea, keratin, horny layer of skin
kin/o, kine, kinesi/o, kinet/o
movement
labi/o
lip
labyrinth/o
labyrinth (inner ear)
lacrim/o
tear, lacrimal apparatus
lact/o
milk
-lalia
speech, babble
lapar/o
abdominal wall
laryng/o
larynx
lent/i
lens
-lepsy
seizure
leuk/o-
white, colorless, white blood cell
leukocyt/o
white blood cell
-lexia
reading
lingu/o
tongue
lip/o
fat, lipid
-listhesis
slipping
lith
calculus, stone
-logy
study of
lumb/o
lumbar region, lower back
lymphaden/o
lymph node
lymphangi/o
lymphatic vessel
lymph/o
lymph, lymphatic system, lymphocyte
lymphocyt/o
lymphocyte
-lysis
separation, loosening, dissolving, destruction
-lytic
dissolving, reducing, loosening
macro-
large, abnormally large
mal-
bad, poor
malacia
softening
mamm/o
breast, mammary gland
-mania
excited state, obsession
mast/o
breast, mammary gland
medull/o
inner part, medulla oblongata, spinal cord
mega-, megalo-
large, abnormally large
-megaly
enlargement
melan/o-
black, dark, melanin
mening/o, meninge/o
meninges
men/o, mens
month, menstruation
mes/o-
middle
-meter
instrument for measuring
metr/o
measure
metr/o, metr/i
uterus
-metry
measurement of
micro-
small, one millionth
-mimetic
mimicking, simulating
mon/o-
one
morph/o
form, structure
muc/o
mucus, mucous membrane
multi-
many
muscul/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus, mold
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
my/o
muscle
myring/o
tympanic membrane
myx/o
mucus
narc/o
stupor, unconsciousness
nas/o
nose
nat/i
birth
natri
sodium
necrosis
death of tissue
neo-
new
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o, neur/i
nervous system, nerve
noct/i
night
non-
not
normo-
normal
nucle/o
nucleus
nyct/o
night, darkness
ocul/o
eye
odont/o
tooth, teeth
-odynia
pain
-oid
like, resembling
olig/o-
few, scanty, deficiency of
-oma
tumor
onc/o
tumor
onych/o
nail
oo
ovum
oophor/o
ovary
ophthalm/o
eye
-opia
eye, vision
-opsia
vision
opt/o
eye, vision
orchid/o, orchi/o
testis
or/o
mouth
ortho-
straight, correct, upright
-ory
pertaining to
osche/o
scrotum
-ose
sugar
-o/sis
condition of
-osmia
sense of smell
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
-ous
pertaining to
ovari/o
ovary
ov/o, ovul/o
ovum
-oxia
oxygen (level of)
ox/y
oxygen, sharp, acute
pachy-
thick
palat/o
palate
palpebr/o
eyelid
pan-
all
pancreat/o
pancreas
papill/o
nipple
para-
near, beside, abnormal
para
woman who has given birth
parathyr/o, parathyroid/o
parathyroid
-paresis
partial paralysis
path/o, -pathy
disease, any disease of
ped/o
foot, child
pelvi/o
pelvis
-penia
decrease in, deficiency of
pe0
through
peri-
around
perine/o
perineum
periton, peritone/o
peritoneum
-pexy
surgical fixation
phac/o, phak/o
lens
phag/o
eat, ingest
pharm, pharmac/o
drug, medicine
pharyng/o
pharynx
-phasia
speech
phil, -philic
attracting, absorbing
phleb/o
vein
-phobia
fear
phon/o
sound, voice
-phonia
voice
phot/o
light
phren/o
diaphragm
phrenic/o
phrenic nerve
phyt/o
plant
pituitar
pituitary, hypophysis
plas, -plasia
formation, molding, development
-plasty
plastic repair, plastic surgery, reconstruction
-plegia
paralysis
pleur/o
pleura
-pnea
breathing
pneum/o, pneumat/o
air, gas, lung, respiration
pneumon/o
lung
pod/o
foot
-poiesis
formation, production
poikilo-
varied, irregular
poly-
many, much
post-
after, behind
pre-
before, in front of
presby-
old
prim/i-
first
pro-
before, in front of
proct/o
rectum
prostat/o
prostate
prote/o
protein
pseudo-
false
psych/o
mind
ptosis
dropping, downward displacement, prolapse
ptysis
spitting
puer
child
pulm/o, pulmon/o
lung
pupill/o
pupil
pyel/o
renal pelvis
pylor/o
pylorus
py/o
pus
pyr/o, pyret/o
fever, fire
quadr/i-
four
rachi/o
spine
radicul/o
root of spinal nerve
radi/o
radiation, x-ray
re-
again, back
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
reticul/o
network
retin/o
retina
retro-
behind, backward
rhabd/o
rod, muscle cell
-rhage, -rhagia
bursting forth, profuse flow, hemorrhage
-rhaphy
surgical repair, suture
-rhea
flow, discharge
-rhexis
rupture
rhin/o
nose
sacchar/o
sugar
sacr/o
sacrum
salping/o
tube, oviduct, eustachian (auditory) tube
-schisis
fissure, splitting
scler/o
hard, sclera (of eye)
sclerosis
hardening
-scope
instrument for viewing or examining
-scopy
examination of
seb/o
sebum, sebaceous gland
semi-
half, partial
semin
semen
sept/o
septum, dividing wall, partition
sial/o
saliva, salivary gland, salivary duct
sider/o
iron
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
sinistr/o
left
-sis
condition of
somat/o
body
-some
body, small body
somn/i, somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound, ultrasound
spasm
sudden contraction, cramp
sperm/i
semen, spermatozoa
spermat/o
semen, spermatozoa
-spermia
condition of semen
spir/o
breathing
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra
staped/o, stapedi/o
stapes, stirrup
stapyl/o
grapelike cluster, staphylococcus
stasis
suppression, stoppage
steat/o
fatty
stenosis
narrowing, constriction
steth/o
chest
sthen/o
strength
stoma, stomat/o
mouth
-ostomy
surgical creation of an opening
strept/o-
twisted chain, streptococcus
sub-
below, under
super-
above, excess
supra-
above
syn-, sum-
together
synov/i
synovial joint, synovial membrane
tachy-
rapid
tax/o
order, arrangement
tel/e-, tel/o-
end
ten/o, tendin/o
tendon
terat/o
malformed fetus
tetra-
four
thalam/o
thalamus
therm/o
heat, temperature
thorac/o
chest, thorax
thromb/o
blood clot
thrombocyt/o
platelet, thrombocyte
thym/o
thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o
thyroid
toc/o
labor
-tome
instrument for incising
-tomy
incision, cutting
ton/o
tone
tonsill/o
tonsil
tox/o, toxic/o
poison, toxin
trache/o
trachea
trans-
through
tri-
three
trich/o
hair
-tripsy
crushing
trop, -tropic
act(ing) on, affect(ing)
troph/o, -trophy, -trophia
feeding, growth, nourishment
tympan/o
tympanic cavity (middle ear), tympanic membrane
un-
not
uni-
one
-uresis
urination
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
-uria
condition of urine, urination
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
urin/o
urine
uter/o
uterus
uve/o
uvea (of eye)
uvul/o
uvula
vagin/o
sheath, vagina
valv/o, valvul/o
valve
varic/o
twisted and swollen vein, varix
vascul/o
vessel
vas/o
vessel, duct, vas deferens
ven/o, ven/i
vein
ventricul/o
cavity, ventricle
vertebr/o
vertebra, spinal column
vesic/o
urinary bladder
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
vestibul/o
vestibule, vestibular apparatus (of ear)
vir/o
virus
vulv/o
vulva
xanth/o-
yellow
xen/o
foreign, strange
xero-
dry
-y
condition of

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