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Glossary of Cognitive Psychology: Medial Temporal Lobe, Daselaar et al

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What does MTL stand for?
Medial Temporal Lobe
What is the purpose of the MTL?
To become aware of things that happened in the past (memory)
What technique did this experiment use?
fMRI
What does the posterior MTL track?
True oldness, regardless of percieved oldness
What is true oldness?
Whether an object is actually old
What is percieved oldness?
Whether the person thinks that the object is old
What does the anterior MTL track?
Wehter an item was consciously experienced as new
What is a miss?
Incorrect classification as new
What is perceived novelty?
Whether an item was conciously experienced as new
What determines memory performance?
Joint activity of anterior and posterior MTL
What do the results show?
That parts of MTL can distinguish old from new independently of conciousness
What is a hit?
Correct classification as old
What is a correct rejection?
Correct classification as new
What is a false alarm?
Incorrect classification as old
Why have most trials only analyzed correct rejections and hits?
Limitations in the number of trials required for analyzing fMRI data
Why do participants make errors when their own brains hold the correct answer?
Percieved novelty activity in the anterior MTL overrides true oldness activity in the posterior MTL
Do the anterior and posterior MTL regions make independent contributions to recognition memory?
yes

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