Glossary of Clinical Midterm 1
Created by brianna2webb
- what did rank do in 1936?
- used child relationship therapy and play therapy
- what did rogers do in 1939?
- used expressive therapy with children
- when did chlorpromazine (thorazine) because med of choice for treating szp?
- antidepressants (tricyclics and momamine oxidase inhibitors) and lithium was developed when?
- where has the psychology career experienced the greatest amount of expansion?
- clinical, counseling, school, health, industrial, educational
- where has the psy career experienced the greatest expansion
- clinical, counseling, school, health, industrial, and educational
- what is the primary work setting for masters level grads
- health, industry, education, and comms mental health
- where was the term scientist-professional model originated?
- boulder convention of 1949
- when was the dsm-i first published?
- why were growing pains for counselors experienced in the 1960s? how was this dealth with?
- not enough trained counselors
licensure exam created -> terminal masters program
- family system became more popular when?
- when were the first vas developed?
- when did managed care arrive on the scene
- what are the five stages in the counseling process?
- relationship building
intervention and action
outcome and eval
- how does treatment planning assist the counseling profession?
- record of what treatment = successful
- how is outcome evaluated?
- progress notes
symptom measures of outcome
client satis surveys
- symptom measures of outcome (used in outcome eval)
- assessmts to determine client distress and psychopathology and address symptom change
- verification that a counselor has met certain quals of edu and or work expce or has earned certain scores on specified exams
- severe and persistent mental disorder (SPMI)
- severely disabling MHs that require crisis stabilization or ongoing support and treatmt
- severely emotional disturbances
- have a diagnosable mental disorder and exhibit severe emotional or social disabilities that are life-threatening or require prolonged intervention
- adlers individual psychology
- indivs are holistic, and they only dvlp in the context of relationship to society
- social interest
adler: individual psychology
- awareness of indiv of being part of human community and attitude of indiv in dealing with the social world
- horneye: how all ppl attempt to gain stability
- mvmt twd others to gain love
mvmt away from others to gain independence
mvmt agnst others to gain power
- fromm claims that cultural, political, and economic forces play
he believes that psychopathology is a result of
- dominant role in personality development
exploitative cultural trends
- analytical psychology
- unconscious contains forces that are potentially positive if integrated into consciousness
- achieve wholeness and completeness of self; continuous process that is never completed and is a major drive
- in gestalt therapy, counselors are
- teachers who confront client with inconsistencies
- cognitive restructuring
- distorted thought processes lead to stress and emotional problems
- goes beyond specific theoretical constructs and works towards selecting compatible constructs
- theoretical integration
- combine components of two plus theories into systematic whole
- technical eclecticism
- professional use of one theortical view of personality and selects various techniques from many theoretical orientation
- adlerian therapy
- break pattern of maladaptive behavior
- in adlerian therapy, the therapist and client share a
- equalitarian relationship
- in adlerian therapy, maladaptive behavior due to
- mistaken style of life where goals are self centered and competitive, which can lead to sense of inferiority and lack of acceptance for nonperfection
- in humanism, the corrective emotional expce
- attempts to reduce feelings of reward for non-conducive learned behaviors
- rogerian view of maladaptive behavior
- incongruence btwn self and experience; difference between what you think you are and what you actually do -> anxiety -> inability to self actualize
- people are in a constant state of what in existenialist theory
- therapy goals in existentialist theory
- help clients overcome feelings of meaningless; accept responsibility for changing themselves
- in gestalt theory, what are the four boundary distinctions that keep from indivs from becoming whole
- introjection - you think so, so i do too
projection - disowns parts of self
retroflections - i hate myself, because hating you is too scary
confluence - you cannot be different from me because this will undermine me
- gestalt approach to transference
- counterproductive; awareness is curative
- what approach utilizes chair therapy
- in what way is gestalt not multiculturally competent?
- confluence cannot happen in some cultures
- what are the 5 psy needs in reality therapy
- survival, love and belonging, power, freedom, and fun
- view of maladaptive behavior in reality theory
- needs not fulfilled in responsible way
- how can cbt be difficult for some indivs
- higher level abstract thinking
- in adlerian therapy, therapists act as... ? where do they invest most of their energy?
- teacher that builds on client strengths
energy invested in cooperation and encouragemt
- gestalt therapists are what for change?
- how can one describe a therapist in reality therapy?
- tough, interested, warm, understanding, sensitive, genuine
- what is the main goal of the therapist in reality therapy
- help client change irresponsible bx
- standards of conduct deemed acceptable or good practice according to standards of practiced established by the profession
- standard or ethical guidelines that influ indiv or group bx, attitudes, or decisions
- studies effectivens of counseling theories and techniques with clients
- what are the 5 general ethics principles?
- beneficence and nonmaleficence
fidelity and responsibility
respect for dignity and respect of other people
- the gathering and integration of client info through use of tests, interviews, observation, and other measuremts
- cpi personality test focuses on
- social relationships and feelings of inadequacy
- epps personality test
- helps client explore unfulfilled needs that are interfering with their personal, interpersonal, or career functioning
- what are the goals of the initial interview
- determine suitability of client for counseling
assess and respond to crisis of client
familiarize client with the counseling process
gather sufficient client info to help formulate a diagnosis and treatmt plan
- transactional analysis
- refers to way 2 ppl communicate or exchange ideas or feelings
strokes in childhood
games: repetitive sets of social manipulation used to elicit the strokes they received as children
- bowen family systems theory
- believes that emotional system exists within family and that this system influences the degree of separateness (known as differentiation of self) and togetherness (fusion) of family members
- family projection prcoess
- parents project anxieties onto their children, which can be due to marriage conflict and can lead to problem with child bx
- goal of bowen family systems
- differentiate and break triangle cycle
- minuchin structural family therapy
- families dvlp transactional pattern (family rules) that determine how each family member relates to one another and under what conditions or at what times certain patterns occur
- three factors involved in minuchin struc family therapy
- boundaries are diffused and members are tightly interlocked
- disengaged family
- boundaries are rigid and family ties are weak
- goal of minuchin struc family therapy
- restructure transactional rules so that family can communicate and relate well
- imitate how family members interact
- restructure family by putting positive interpretation on indivs negative bx, such as pulling a family together in time of crisis
- purpose of inducing conflict
- dvlp more effective structure, which leads to family can use coping skills in future transactions
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