Glossary of Civil Disobediance
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- How did Thoreau feel about slavery?
- Thoreau was vehemently opposed to slavery.
- Why was Thoreau incarcerated?
- He hadn’t paid his taxes.
- How did Thoreau feel about the Mexican War?
- Thoreau feels that this war is unjustified since it is being fought to further the spread of slavery.
Thoreau states that he came to this world to make it a good place to live in.
- How does Thoreau encourage people to act if they disagree with a law?
- Thoreau tells people to immediately disobey any law that they feel is unjust, and to withdraw their support from the government which withholds the law.
- Thoreau says that he avoids thinking about that?
B. the government
- B. the government
- How does Thoreau feel about the voting process?
- Thoreau is skeptical about voting because he believes that it is like a game, since voting for what you believe in isn’t really doing anything to support it, only leaving the issue to the majority’s decision.
- Which of these is more important: the individual or the government?
- the individual
- Describe Thoreau’s utopian government.
- Thoreau’s ideal government is one that governs least, or not at all. This government should “command the respect” of its citizens, and allow space for political change and reform.
- How long did Thoreau spend in jail?
- one night
- What should the citizen never give up to the legislator?
- his/her conscience
- Which of the following, according to Thoreau, is a citizen’s obligation?
A. to vote
B. to work
C. to campaign for office
D. to do what one thinks right
- D. to do what one thinks right
- If the government imprisons unjustly, where is the true place for a just man?
- a prison
- What does Thoreau claim comes between people and their virtues?
- Money, as it eliminates deep philosophical questions and encourages superfluous materialism.
- Thoreau admits that some people may be unable to disobey the government, though they may want to. Why is this?
- Some people may have families to support and be unable to fully sever themselves from the government’s protection.
- When Thoreau recognizes the state’s weakness, he compares it to a timid old woman with her what?
- C. spoons
- What was Thoreau’s cellmate accused of?
- The man was accused of burning a barn.
- During his night in the prison, Thoreau is able to see what in a new light?
- the town around him
- When was Thoreau released from prison? Why?
- He was released after one day because someone, presumably his aunt, paid the tax for him.
- What was Thoreau doing when he was “arrested”?
- He was going to the cobbler’s to repair a shoe.
Thoreau claims that it costs him less to disobey the State and endure its penalty than it does to obey.
- Thoreau recognizes that, though he may try to appeal to people, he can’t expect to change their true _____.
- Though Thoreau proposes many criticism of his government, what does he also admit about it?
- Thoreau admits that the government, with all of its faults, isn’t very bad overall.
- What is the other title of “Civil Disobedience”?
- “Resistance to Civil Government”
- Thoreau states that the government can never improve until it recognizes what about the individual.
- The government must recognize the individual as a “higher and independent” power from which all of its power is derived.
- According to “Civil Disobedience,” what should you do if you disagreed with the school dress code?
- You should disobey the dress code.
- What does Thoreau call the American government?
A. a tradition
B. a useless fallacy
C. an effective system
D. a tin can
- A. a tradition
Since he called the Constitution “evil,” Thoreau was an anarchist.
- What does Thoreau mean by “sitting upon another man’s shoulders”?
- Thoreau is saying that society is built in such a way that some people are always oppressed and exploited, and that this must end before we can accomplish anything.
- What does Thoreau compare the government to?
- a machine
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