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Glossary of Chpt 3 Medical Prefixes

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acro-

Ex:
acrodermatitis
extremity tip peak topmost extreme

def:
inflammation of the skin of the hands or feet
aero-

Ex:
aerobic
air gas

def:
produced in the presence of oxygen
aniso-

Ex:
anisocytosis
unequal dissimilar unlike

def:
presence in blood of erythrocytes showing excessive variations in size
brady-

Ex:
bradycardia
slow

def:
slowness of the heartbeat
de-

Ex:
dehydrate
take away remove

def:
remove water from
dia-

Ex:
diarrhea
through (as in running through

def:
abnormally frequent watery stool
emia-

Ex:
anemia
blood conditon of

def:
reduction below normal of the # erythocytes
eu-

Ex:
eyphoria
good easy

def:
bodily comfort well being
hemi-

Ex:
hemiplegia
one side half

def:
paralysis of one side of the body
hemo-

Ex:
hemolysis
blood

def:
separation of the hemoglobin from red cells
hetero-

Ex:
heterosexual
different

def:
one who seeks a sexually opposite
homo-

Ex:
homosexual
same

def:
likes same sex
hydro-

Ex:
hydrotherapy
water

def:
treatment of disease with water
hyper-

Ex:
hypertension
above normal excessive beyond

def:
persistently high arterial blood pressure
hypo-

Ex:
hypoglycemia hypotermia
under below normal

def:
deficiency of glucose concentration in the blood
def headache, confusion, convulsions coma
iso-

Ex:
isotonic
equal same

def: equal tension
lip-

Ex:
lipidemia or lipemia
fat

def:
hyperlipidemia, an adnormal amount of fat in the blood
mal-

Ex:
malaise
bad poor

def:
a vague feeling or bodily discomfort
megalo-

Ex:
acromegaly
large (enlarged)

def:
abnormal enlargement of the extremities of the skeleton
meno-

Ex:
menopause
menses (menestration)

def:
cessation of menstruation
noct-

Ex:
nocturia
night

def:
excessive urination at night
nyct-

Ex:
nycturia
night

def:
excessive urination at night
pan-

Ex:
pandemic
all every

def:
a widespread epidemic disease
para-

Ex:
paracystic
bab
beside accessory to beyond

def:
situated near the bladder
per-

Ex:
perforate
through

def:
to make a hole or holes through
peri-

Ex:
peritoneum
around

def:
the serous membrane lining the walls of the abdominal & pelvic cavities
poly-

Ex:
polyuria
many much

def:
excessive secreation at night
post-

Ex:
postpatum
following after

def:
occuring after childbirth
pre-

Ex:
prenatal
before

def:
preceding birth
pro-

Ex:
prognosis
preceding coming before

def:
forecast of probable course & outcome of a disorder
pyo-

Ex:
pyogenic
pus

def:
producing pus
re-

Ex:
rehydrate
put back

def:
to restore water
syn-

Ex:
synthesis
going together

def:
creation of a compound by union of elements
tachy-

Ex:
tachycardia
fast

def:
abnormally rapid heart beat
a an

Ex:
afebrile
tip: afebrile tree

anoxia
without not

def:
without fever

absence of oxygen supply to tissue dispite adequate perfusion of blood; used interchangably w/ hypoxia

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