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Glossary of Chinese Sounds

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bo
Similar to English, like B in baby or beetle
po
Similar to English, like P in pyramid or peanut (Aspirated)
mo
Similar to English, like M in mother or marmalade
fo
Similar to English, like F in father or function
de
Similar to English, like D in deal or donut
te
Similar to English, like T in toy or tea (Aspirated)
ne
Similar to English, like N in near or night
le
Similar to English, like L in light or least
ge
Similar to a hard G, like G in gravy or give
ke
Similar to English, like K in kick or kiss (Aspirated)
he
Further back in the throat than an English H (Throat should feel scratchy)
ji
Similar to English, like J in jeep
qi
Similar to TCH, like TCH in itch (Aspirated)
xi
Similar to SH, like SH in sheep and she (Teeth close together and tongue close to teeth)
zhi
Similar to J, like J in jerk (Tongue curled back a little)
chi
Similar to CH, like CH in chirp (Aspirated)
shi
Similar to SH, like SH sound in sure (Tongue curled way back)
zi
Similar to DS, like DS in ads (Prepare for D but make S sound)
ci
Similar to TS, like TS in cats (Aspirated)
si
Similar to S, like S in see or same
ri
Similar to R, like R in ruler (Curl back tongue)
wu
Make sound of vowel only
yi
Make sound of vowel only
a
Similar to short A, like A in father or wand
ai
Similar to EYE, like vowel sound in fly
ao
Similar to OW, like OW in now
an
Short A with N sound (Keep the short A sound)
ang
Short A with NG sound (Keep the short A sound)
e
Between UH and ER, like UR in fur (Sounds like being punched in the stomach)
ei
Similar to long A, like vowel sounds in pay and eight
en
Similar to UN, like UN in under
eng
Similar to UNG, like UNG in dung
i
Similar to EE, like EE in see
ia
Similar to YA, like YA in Ya Ya Sisterhood
ie
Similar to YE, like YE in yes
iu
Similar to YO, like YO in yo-yo
in
Between EEN and IN
ing
Similar to ING, like ING in bring (Put in a bit more EEE)
iao
Similar to EOW, like EOW in meow
ian
Similar to YEN
iang
Similar to YANG
iong
Similar to JUNG
(s)i
Similar to IR, like IR in chirp or shirt
(sh)i
Similar to IR, like IR in chirp or shirt
o
Similar to ORE, like ORE in more
ou
Similar to OWE, like O in go
ong
Similar to OWE with NG at end, like UNG in Jung
u
Similar to OO, like OO in moo
ua
Similar to WA, like UA in suave
uo
Similar to WAR, like WAR (R sound is very light)
un
Similar to EU with UN at end
uai
Similar to WHY, like WI in SWIPE
uan
Similar to EU with EN at end
uang
Similar to ONG, like ONG in wrong
ΓΌ
Similar to EU, like EU in pneumonia
ue
Similar to EU with UH at end

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