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Glossary of China's History Chapter 13

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Daoism
the teachings of Laozi.
*simple honest life *noninterference with the course of natural events
Buddhism
The teaching of Buddha
*life is permeated with suffering caused by desire
*suffering ceases when desire ceases,
*enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom,
*meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth.
Confucianism
the teachings of Confucius(Kung Fu Zi)
*emphasizing love for humanity
*high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors)
*peace
*justice
Filial Piety
respect for parents
Civil Service
government workers
Examinations
tests that the chinese had to take to determine who would be in the Civil Service
Kong fu Zi
Confucious (formed comfucianism)
Laozi
founder of Daoism
Mandate of Heaven
those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source. If a person was corrupt they were no longer serving heaven, and they could be kicked out.
Tributary State
Independant state that has to acknowledge the supremacy of another state and pay tribute to its ruler
The Grand Canal
a man-made, inland waterway in china. 1,000 miles long
Silk Road
A major trade route from asia to europe. It helped to spread black death from asia to europe.
Yuan Dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368, when monguls were in rule.
Ming Dynasty
Ruled from 1368-1644
*noted for its flourishing foreign trade
*achievements in scholarship
*development of the arts, especially in porcelain, textiles, and painting.
Mongols
war lords from mongolia that took over china and segregated the nation.

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