Glossary of Childhood disorders
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- Mental retardation: when is it diagnosed?
- in childhood before 18 yrs of age
- What AXIS does mental retardation fall?
- AXIS II because it is a lifelong pattern/behavior
- How is mental retardation diagnosed?
- -show 2 significant limitations in adaptive skills (ADLs)
- What are the mental retardation ranges?
- mild, moderate, severe, profound
- What IQ score is related to mild to moderate retardation?
This group is EDUCABLE. They can learn to read and write.
- What IQ score is related to moderate retardation?
- 50/55 to 40/35
This group is TRAINABLE. They can be trained to perform rote tasks
-Not able to learn to read and write, but can communicate.
- What IQ score is related to severe retardation?
- 40/35 to 20
This group is very deficient in survival and ADL skills.
IF they get TX and with a care giver, they can learn some survival words: water, pee, eat.
- What IQ score is related to profound retardation?
- less than 20
This group tends to be bedridden; may walk, but uncoordinated.
OT teaches caregiver how to manage
- What is the prevelance?
- 1-3% of pop
- What is the etiology?
- *born to older women
*born to none HS graduates
*paranatal- Hypoxia (lack of O2 during birth)cause cerebral palsy
*mechanical injury: baby falls, child abuse,near drowning
- What are AXIS I childhood disorders?
- * oppositional defiant disorder
* conduct disorder
* disorder of elimination
- Define oppositional defiant disorder
- (-) hostile defiant behavior; a more muted verson of conduct disorder that last 6 mos.
- What age are the behaviors reflected?
- Under 16...common by age 10
- What are the behaviors?
- How many of the behaviors are required to meet criteria and for how long
- 4 for 6 mos.
- What is conduct disorder?
- persistent, repetitive pattern of behavior in which the rights of others and society, and norms are violated.
- Who is the malbehavior inflicted on?
- * person/animal
- What is the range for conduct behavior?
- mild, moderate, severe
- What criteria is needed for mild disorder?
- 3 mild malbehaviors in 1 year
- What criteria is needed for severe disorder?
- 1 severe malbehavior in 6 mos.
- What is the typical age?
- By the age of 10
- What is disorder of elimination?
- Voiding/elimination in inappropriate places
- What are the two subtypes of disorder of elimination?
- 1) enuresis
- What is enuresis?
- Void of urine in inappropriate places
- What is the occurance rate and age limitation to get the dx of enurisis?
- 2 incidences in a week for 3 month duration when child is 5 year old and older
- What is the occurance rate and age limitation to get the dx of encopresis?
- 1 incidence in a month duration of 3 mos in a row when child is 4 yrs and older
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