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Glossary of Child Development Exam 3

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Define Semantics
2 component of language; involves vocabulary - the way underlying concepts are expressed in words and word combinations
Define Grammar
3rd component of language; consists of 2 main parts the syntax (rules of which words are arragned into sentences) and morphology(the use of grammatical markers that indicate number, tense, case, etc)
What is the Behaviorist perspective on language?
Its through operant conditioning. They imitate and then reinforce.
Whats the language acquistion device?
an innate system the permits them, as soon as they have acquired sufficient vocabulary, to combine words into grammatically consistent, novel utterances and to understand the meaning of sentences they hear.
Define joint attention
Child attends to the same object or event as the caregiver
Development of language interatction in the first couple months
in order for infants to further their speech, they must hear human speech.
Effects of learning a second language
have better analytical reasoning, improved concept formation, greater cognitive felxibility, enhanced reading achievement
Overextension
applying a word to a broader collection of objects and events than is appropriate.
Underextension
they may apply words too narrowly
Overregularization
Application of regular grammatical rules to words that are exceptions
Coining
Children discover more specialized wording such as adding -er
Telegraphic Speech
Children's two word utterances, that like a telegram, leave out smaller and less important words
Syntactic Bootstrapping
Children discover many word meanings by observing how words are used in syntax, or the structure of sentences.
Metaphors
metaphors they use are based largely on concrete, sensory comparisons.
Fastmapping
children can connect a new word with an underlying concept after only a brief encounter

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