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Glossary of Chemistry Chapter 15 Vocab

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solution
homogeneous mixture containing two or more substances called the solute and the solvent
soluble
a substance that dissolves in a solvent
insoluble
a substance that does not dissolve in a solvent
immiscible
two liquids that are not soluble in each other
miscible
two liquids that are soluble in each other
solvation
the process of surrounding solute particles with solvent particles to form a solution
solubility
the maximum amount of solute that will dissolve in a given amount of solvent at a specified temperature and pressure
saturated solution
a solution that contains the maximum amount of dissolved solute for a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature and pressure
unsaturated solution
a solution that contains less dissolved solute for a given temperature and pressure
supersaturated
a solution that contains more dissolved solute at a given temperature
concentration
a measure of how much solute is dissolved in a specific amount of solvent or solution
molarity
the number of moles of solute dissolved per liter of solution
molality
the ratio of the number of moles of solute dissolved in one kilogram of solvent
mole fraction
the ratio of the number of moles of solute in solution to the total number of moles of solute and solvent
colloid
a heterogeneous mixture of intermediate size particles
suspension
a mixture containing particles that settle out if left undisturbed
Tyndall effect
dispersed colloid particles that are large enough to scatter light

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