Glossary of Chemistry AS Level - Practical - Acids, Bases and Salts

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

Acid =
solution produces h ions when dissolved in water.
base =
substance reacts with H ions of acid to form salt and water. many metal oxides or hydroxides. If base soluble in water called alkali.
Salt =
formed when metal ion replaced the h ions in an acid.
acid + metal ->
salt + hydrogen
acid + carbonate ->
salt + carbon dioxide + water
acid + base (alkali) ->
salt + water
metal carbonate + acid ->
salt + carbon dioxide + water
alkali + acid ->
salt + water
All dilute sols of acids
contain H + (aq) and can behave as proton donors.
monoprotic acid
one mole of acid produces 1 mole protons, therefore called monoprotic acid. HCl, HNO3, CH3COOH
diprotic acid
one mole produces 2 moles protons
all bases react with proton donors, so
called proton acceptors.
Acid is said to have been
neutralised by the base.

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards