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Glossary of Chemistry 104 Final

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energy
the capacity to do work
kinetic energy
energy associated with motion
potential energy
energy that results from an object's position
1st law of Thermodynamics
the total energy of the universe is constant
heat
thermal energy
temperature
physical property that determines the direction of heat flow when an object is contacted with another
system
the object or collection of objects being studied
surroundings
everything outside the system that cna exchange energy with the system
exothermic
heat transferred fromsystem to surroundings
endothermic
heat transferred from surroundings to system

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