Glossary of Chemistry:Matter and Change ch. 19
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- A solution that contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions.
- acidic solution
- A solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions.
- basic solution
- A model of acids and bases; states that an acis is a substance that contains hydrogen and ionizes to produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution and a base is a substance that contains a hydroxide group and dissociates to produce a hydroxide ion in aqueous
- Arrhenius Model
- A model of acids and bases in which an acid is a hydrogen-ion donor and a base is a hydrogen-ion acceptor.
- Bronsted-Lowry Model
- The species produced when a base accepts a hydrogen ion from an acid.
- Conjugate acid
- The species produced when an acid donates a hydrogen ion to a base.
- Conjugate base
- Consists of two substances related to each other by the donating and accepting of a single hydrogen ion.
- Conjugate acid - base pair
- Describes water and other substances that can act as both acids and bases.
- An acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution.
- strong acid
- An acid that ionizes only partially in dilute aqueous solution.
- weak acid
- A base that dissociates entirely into metal ions and hydroxide ions in aqueous solution.
- strong base
- A base that ionizes only partially in dilute aqueous solution to form the conjugate acid of the base and hydroxide ion.
- weak base
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