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Glossary of Chem Review 1st Day Test

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Ammonium
NH4+
Cesium
Cs+
Copper (I)
Cu+
Gold (I)
Au+
Hydrogen
H(2)
Lithium
Li+
Potassium
K+
Rubidium
Rb+
Silver
Ag+
Sodium
Na+
Barium
Ba2+
Beryllium
Be2+
Cadmium (II)
Cd2+
Chromium (II)
Cr2+
Cobalt (II)
Co2+
Copper (II)
Cu2+
Iron (II)
Fe2+
Lead (II)
Pb2+
Magnesium
Mg2+
Mercury (I)
Hg(2)2+
Mercury (II)
Hg2+
Nickel
Ni2+
Strontium
Sr2+
Tin (II)
Sn2+
Zinc
Zn2+
Aluminum
Al3+
Antimony
Sb(4)
Bismuth (III)
Bi3+
Chromium (III)
Cr3+
Cobalt (III)
Co3+
Gallium
Ga3+
Gold (III)
Au3+
Manganese
Mn3+
Nickel (III)
Ni3+
Iron (III)
Fe3+
Carbon
C4+
Lead (IV)
Pb4+
Silicon
Si4+
Tin (IV)
Sn4+
Antimony (V)
Sb5+
Bismuth (V)
Bi5+
Acetate
CH(3)COO-
Bromide
Br-
Chlorate
ClO(3)-
Chloride
Cl-
Chlorite
ClO(2)-
Cyanide
CN-
Dihydrogen Phosphate
H(2)PO(4)-
Fluoride
F-
Hydride
H-
Hydrogen Carbonate
(bicarbonate)
HCO(3)-
Hydrogen Sulfate
(bisulfate)
HSO(4)-
Hydrogen Sulfide
(bisulfide)
HS-
Hydrogen Sulfite
(bisulfite)
HSO(3)-
Hydroxide
OH-
hypochlorite
OCl-
Iodate
IO(3)-
Iodide
I-
Nitrate
NO(3)-
Nitrite
NO(2)-
Perchlorate
ClO(4)-
Permanganate
MnO(4)-
Thiocyanate
SCN-
Carbonate
CO(3)2-
Chromate
CrO(4)2-
Dichromate
Cr(2)O(7)2-
Monohydrogen Phosphate
HPO(4)2-
Oxalate
C(2)O(4)2-
Oxide
O2-
Peroxide
O(2)2-
Selenide
Se2-
Silicate
SiO(3)2-
Sulfate
SO(4)2-
Sulfide
S(2)-
Sulfite
SO(3)2-
Telluride
Te2-
Thiosulfate
S(2)O(3)2-
Arsenide
As3-
Nitride
N3-
Phosphate
PO(4)3-
Phosphide
P3-
Phosphite
PO(3)3-
Carbide
C4-
Arsenic
As(2)
Astatine
At(2)
Bromine
Br(2)
Chlorine
Cl(2)
Fluorine
F(2)
Iodine
I(2)
Nitrogen
N(2)
Oxygen
O(2)
Phosphorus
P(4)
Sulfur
S(8)
Selenium
Se(8)
Acetic Acid (Vinegar)
CH(3)COOH
or
C(2)H(4)O(2)
Oleic Acid
C(18)H(34)O(2)
Trichloroacetic Acid
Cl(3)CCOOH
Boric Acid
H(3)BO(3)
Hydrobromic Acid
HBr
Formic Acid
HCOOH
Carbonic Acid
H(2)CO(3)
Oxalic Acid
H(2)C(2)O(4)
Hydrochloric Acid (Muriatic)
HCl
Hypochlorous Acid
HClO
Chlorous Acid
HClO(2)
Chloric Acid
HClO(3)
Perchloric Acid
HClO(4)
Hydrofluoric Acid
HFl
Hydoiodic Acid
HI
Nitrous Acid
HNO(2)
Nitric Acid
HNO(3)
Sulfurous Acid
H(2)SO(3)
Sulfuric Acid
H(2)SO(4)
Phosphoric Acid
H(3)PO(4)
Phosphorous Acid
H(3)PO(3)
Aluminum (common compound)
AlK(SO[4])2 (times) 12H(2)O
Methane
CH(4)
Benzene
C(6)H(6)
Naphthalene (Moth Balls)
C(10)H(8)
Chloroform
CHCl(3)
Methyl Alcohol
or
Methanol (Wood Alcohol)
CH(3)OH
Ethyl Alcohol
or
Ethanol (Drinking Alcohol)
C(2)H(5)OH
Acetone
CH(3)COCH(3)
Glycerine
C[3]H[5](OH)[3]
L-ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
C(6)H(8)O(6)
Monosaccharide (simple sugar)
C(6)H(12)O(6)
Disaccharide (double sugar)
C(12)H(22)O(11)
Chalk, Marble, Limestone
CaCO(3)
Quicklime
CaO
Slaked Lime (lime water)
Ca(OH)[2]
Gypsum, Plaster of Paris
CaSO(4)
Rust
Fe(3)O(4) or Fe(2)O(3)
Formaldehyde
HCHO
Water
H(2)O
Quicksilver
Hg
Potash
K(2)CO(3)
Magnesia
MgO
Epsom Salts
MgSO(4)
Ammonia
NH(3)
Laughing Gas
N(2)O
Soda Ash, Washing Soda
Na(2)CO(3)
Table Salt
NaCl
Baking Soda
NaHCO(3)
Saltpeter
NaNO(3)
Bleach
NaOCl
Caustic Soda or Lye
NaOH
Glauber's Salt
Na(2)SO(4)
hypo
Na(2)S(2)O(3)
sand, quartz
SiO(2)
Water Solubility of Nitrates
NO3-
All nitrates are soluble
Water Solubility of Acetates
CH(3)COO- or C(2)H(3)O(2)-
All acetates are soluble except
AgCH(3)COO
Water Solubility of Chlorates
ClO(3)-
All chlorates are soluble
Water Solubility of Chlorides
Cl-
All chlorides are soluble except
AgCl, Hg(2)Cl(2)
Water Solubility of Bromides
Br-
All bromides are soluble except
AgBr, PbBr(2), Hg(2)Br(2), and HgBr(2)
Water Solubility of Iodides
I-
All iodides are soluble except
AgI, Hg(2)I(2), HgI(2), and PbI(2)
Water Solubility of Sulfates
SO(4)2-
All sulfates are soluble except
BaSO(4), PbSO(4), Hg(2)SO(4), CaSO(4), Ag(2)SO(4) and SrSO(4)
Water Solubility of Alkali metal cations
(Group IA and ammonium)
All are soluble
Water Solubility of inorganic acids and low molecular mass organic acids
All common inorganic acids and low molecular mass are water soluble
Water Solubility of Carbonates
CO(3)2-
All carbonates are insoluble except those of the IA elements and ammonium
Water Solubility of Chromates
CrO(4)2-
All chromates are insoluble except those ofthe IA elements, ammonium, CaCrO(4) and SrCrO(4)
Water Solubility of Hydroxides
All hydroxides are insoluble except those of the IA elements, ammonium, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2 and Ca(OH)2
Water Solubility of Phospahtes
All phosphates are insoluble except those of the IA elements and ammonium
Water Solubility of Sulfites
All sulfites are insoluble except those of the IA elements and ammonium
Water Solubility of Sulfides
S2-
All sulfides are insoluble except thoseof the IAandIIA elements and ammonium

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