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Glossary of Chem Honors Chapter 12 Vocab

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properties of water
relatively high density
relative incompressibilty
ability to diffuse
surface tension
a force that tends to pull adjacent parts of a liquid's surface together, decreasing surface area to the smallest possible size
capillary action
the attraction of the surface of a liquid to the surface of a solid
vaporization
liquid/solid->gas
evaporation
particles from a nonboiling liquid enter the gas state
freezing/solidification
liquid->solid
crystalline solids
particles arranged in an orderly geometric repeating pattern
amorphus solid
particles arranged randomly
melting
solid ->liquid
supercooled liquids
substances that retain certain liquid properties even at temperatures at which they appear to be solid
crystal structure
3 dimensional arrangement of particles of a crystal
unit cell
the smallest unit that shows the 3 dimensional pattern of the entire lattice
equilibrium
a dynamic condition in which 2 opposing changes occur at equal rates in a closed system
phase
any part of the system that has uniform composition and properties
condensation
gas->liquid

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