Glossary of Chem 14 vocab
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- an acid that does not contain oxygen, such as hydrofluoric acid.
- binary acid
- an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal.
- a substance that increases the concentration of hydronium ions in aqueous solution.
- Arrhenius acid
- a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution.
- Arrhenius base
- an acid that ionizes completely in a solvent.
- strong acid
- an acid that releases few hydrogen ions in aqueous solution.
- weak acid
- a substance that donates a proton to another substance.
- Bonsted-Lowry acid
- a substance that accepts a proton.
- Bronsted-Lowry base
- the transfer of protons from one reactant (acid) to another (base).
- Bronsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
- an acid that can donate only one proton to a base.
- monoprotic acid
- an acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule.
- polyprotic acid
- an acid that has two ionizable hydrogen atoms in each molecule, such as sulfuric acid.
- diprotic acid
- an acid that has three ionizable protons per molecule, such as phosphoric acid.
- tripotic acid
- an atom, ion, or molecule that accepts a pair of electrons.
- Lewis acid
- an atom, ion, or molecule that donates a pair of electrons.
- Lewis base
- the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor.
- Lewis acid-base reaction
- a base that forms when an acid loses a proton.
- conjugate base
- an acid that forms when a base gains a proton.
- conjugate acid
- describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties of an acid and the properties of a base.
- the reaction of the ions that characteries acids (hydronium ions) and the ions that characterize bases (hydroxide ions) to form water molecules and a salt.
- an ionic compound that forms when a metal atom or a postive radical replaces the hydrogen of an acid.
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