Glossary of Chapter Two, Section One
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- Why did the Columbus start his journey anyway?
- The Europeans wanted a faster trade route to the East that didn't involve traveling through the Mediterranean Sea
- Which general direction did Columbus sail in?
- Where did Columbus grow up?
- Genoa, Italy
- What is teh center of European knowledge about sea travel?
- Lisbon, Portugal
- How many miles from Portugal did Columbus believe Asia was?
- 2,400 miles
- What was the actual distance Asia was away from Portugal?
- 12,000 miles
- Who did Columbus first go to for a sponsor?
- John II of Portugal
- Who ended up sponsering Columbus' journey?
- Isabella and Ferdinand
Columbus said they could get money (gold) and make the people there Catholic
- What is another word for governor?
- How much of the Asian riches would Columbus recieve?
- What were the 3 ships that Columbus took?
- Where was the first voyage stop?
- Canary Islands
- When did they spot land?
- October 12, 1492
- What phrase means "land!"
- What had Columbus named one of the Bahama Islands (which he thought was Asia)?
- San Salvador, meaning Holy Savior
- What did Columbus call the island-dwellers?
- Indios - Inhabitatns of the Indies
- What does Taino mean?
- Good or noble in Arawak
- Where had the Santa Maria landed or shipwrecked off?
- Where did Columbus establish the first colony?
What was its name?
La Navidad (the nativity)
- What did Columbus find when he returned to La Navidad?
- Nothing - everything and everyone was gone
- What is an encomienda?
- A system of colonists who recieved the right to have a certain number of American Indians work for them
- What did Queen Isabella think of the encomiendas?
- Indians were not slaves. They were supposed to be paid a small allowance for their labors
- Who was Bartolome de Las Casas?
- An encomendero who urged the spanish government to treat the Indians better
- Why were the American Indians dying?
- They were not immune to the European diseases
- Who replaced Indian laborers?
- African slaves
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