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Glossary of Chapter TWO Medical Terms

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amphi-,ampho
Prefix
on both sides, around, both
ana-
Prefix
up,back, agianst
apo-
Prefix
away from
cata-,cat(before a vowel or h)
Prefix
downward,disordered
dia-, di-(before a vowel)
Prefix
Through,across,part
eso-
Prefix
within,inner,inward
eu-
Prefix
good,normal,healthy
heter-, hetero-
Prefix
different,other,relationship to another
homo-, homeo-
Prefix
same, likeness
meta-, met-(before a vowel or h)
Prefix
change, transformation, after, behind
para- (often par-before a vowel)
Prefix
alongside,around,abnormal,beyond
pro-
Prefix
beyond
pros-, prosth-
Prefix
in place of
-al
adjective suffix
pertaining to,located in
-ase
suffix
forms names of enzymes
-ema, -emat-
noun suffix (combining form is -emat-
state, condition
-esis
noun suffix
state, condition, procedure
-etic, -esis
ajective suffix (noun suffix -esis)
pertaining to
-ics,-tics
noun suffix
a particular science or study, the study of
-ism
abstract noun suffix
stae, condition, quality
-ismus
abstract noun suffix
state, condition, muscle spasm
-oid, (rarely) -ode,-id
forms both noun and adjective suffix
particular shape, form, or resemblance
oma
abstact noun suffix
tumor, occasionally disease
combining forms -oma, -omat-,
plural often -omata
-ose
adjective suffix
names of chemical substances:full of, resembling
-ous
adjective suffix
pertaining to, characterized by, full of
-us
noun-forming ending suffix
condition, person (sometimes malformed fetus
-ize
verb forming suffix
to make,become, cause to be, subject to, engage in
acr-
combining form
(highest point) extremities (particularly hands and feet)
ambly-
combining form
dull, faint
carcin-
combining form
carcinoma, cancer
-cel-
combining form
hernia, tumor, swelling
cheir-,chir-
combining form
hand
chol(e)-
combining form
bile, gall
col(i)-,colon-
combining form
colon
cyan-
combining form
blue
cyst(i)-,cystis
combining form
bladder,cyst
diplo-
combining form
double, twin
enter-
combining form
(small) intestine
erg-
combining form
action,work
gastr-
combining form
stomach
hem-,hemat,-em-
combining form
blood
hepar-,hepat-
combining form
liver
lip-
combining form
fat
macr-
combining form
abnormally large or long
mega-,magal-
combining form
abnormally large or long
melan-
combining form
dark, black
micr-
combining form
abnormally small
nyct-
combining form
night
odyn
combining form
pain
onc-
combining form
tumor
pachy-
combining form
thick
psued-
combining form
false
py-
combining form
pus
sarc-
combining form
flesh, soft tissue
spasm-
combining form
spasm, involuntary muscular contraction
splen-
combining form
spleen
stom-,stomat-
combining form
mouth,opening
-asia,-asis(rare)
noun-forming suffix
state condition

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