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Glossary of Chapter 7 Vocab A More Perfect Union

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Robert Morris
-Representative from Connecticut
-Proposed collecting a 5% tax on imported goods to help pay the national debt
John Adams
-Sent to Britain to resolve Treaty of Paris problems
John Jay
American secretary of foreign affairs
Daniel Shays
-Lead Shays' Rebellion
James Madison
-Virginia planter
-American active in movement for change for Articles of Confederation
Alexander Hamilton
-New York lawyer
-American active in movement for change for Articles of Confederation
Edmund Randolph
-Former governor of Virgina
-Attended Constitutional Convention
William Paterson
-Proposed New Jersey Plan
Roger Sherman
-Great Compromise
John Locke
-Believed all people have natural rights to life, liberty, and death
-Government based on a contract between people and government
Baron de Montesquieu
-All powers of government should be separated and balanced against each other
Patrick Henry
-Against proposed Constitution
bicameral
consisting of two houses, or chambers, especially in a legislature
constitution
a formal plan of government
compromise
agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants
depreciate
to fall in value
depression
a period of low economic activity and widespread unemployment
amendment
addition to formal document such as the Constitution
checks and balances
the system in which each branch of government has a check on the other two branches so that no one branch becomes too powerful
Enlightenment
movement during the 1700s that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society
federalism
the sharing of power between federal and state governments
executive branch
the branch of government, headed by the president, that carries out the nation's laws and policies
judicial branch
the branch of government, including the federal court system, that interprets the nation's laws
legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the nation's laws
ordiance
a law of regulation
ratify
to give official approval to go
republic
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives

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