cueFlash

Glossary of Chapter 6-Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

-phagia
eating, swallowing
-plasty
surgical repair
-ptosis
prolapse, fall, sag
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhage, -rrhagia
bursting forth
-ecstasis, -ecstasia
stretching, dilation, dilatation
-emesis
vomiting
-rrhaphy
suture
-lysis
destruction, breakdown, separation
-pepsia
digestion
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis
to stop; control
-stenosis
tightening, stricture, narrowing
-tresia
opening
liver function tests (LFTs)
Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum
stool culture
Test for microorganisms present in the stool.
stool guaiac or Hemoccult test
Detection of blood in feces.
lower gastrointestinal serier (barium enema)
X-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium into the rectum.
upper gastrointestinal series
X-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after administering barium by mouth.
cholangiography
X-ray examination of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts.
computed tomography; also called CT, CT scan, or CAT scan
X-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organis allows visualization.
abdominal ultrasonography (ultrasound or sonography)
Sound waves beamed into the abdomen, produce an image of abdominal viscera.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Magnetic and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body.
liver scan
Image of the liver after injecting ragioactive material into the blood stream.
gastric bypass
Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy).
gastrointestinal endoscopy
Visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope.
liver biopsy
Removal of liver tissue followed by microscopic visualization.
masogastric intubation
Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach.
paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards