Glossary of Chapter 6-Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology
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- eating, swallowing
- surgical repair
- prolapse, fall, sag
- -rrhage, -rrhagia
- bursting forth
- -ecstasis, -ecstasia
- stretching, dilation, dilatation
- destruction, breakdown, separation
- flow, discharge
- sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles
- to stop; control
- tightening, stricture, narrowing
- liver function tests (LFTs)
- Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum
- stool culture
- Test for microorganisms present in the stool.
- stool guaiac or Hemoccult test
- Detection of blood in feces.
- lower gastrointestinal serier (barium enema)
- X-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium into the rectum.
- upper gastrointestinal series
- X-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after administering barium by mouth.
- X-ray examination of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts.
- computed tomography; also called CT, CT scan, or CAT scan
- X-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organis allows visualization.
- abdominal ultrasonography (ultrasound or sonography)
- Sound waves beamed into the abdomen, produce an image of abdominal viscera.
- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Magnetic and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body.
- liver scan
- Image of the liver after injecting ragioactive material into the blood stream.
- gastric bypass
- Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy).
- gastrointestinal endoscopy
- Visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope.
- liver biopsy
- Removal of liver tissue followed by microscopic visualization.
- masogastric intubation
- Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach.
- paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
- Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.
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